Treating diabetes one meal at a time

November 18, 2014

Recent estimates project that as many as one in three American adults will have diabetes in 2050. The American Diabetes Association observes November as American Diabetes Month, and this year’s theme is America Gets Cooking to Stop Diabetes.

Two professors from the School of Nutrition & Health Promotion at Arizona State University have studied how changing your diet can help manage the effects of diabetes. Carol Johnston Download Full Image

This fall, assistant professor Karen Sweazea, with the School of Nutrition and Health Promotion and the School of Life Sciences, published a study that shows the health benefits of consuming almonds in Type 2 diabetics. Over a 12-week time period, participants with poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes added 1.5 ounces of almonds to their diet. Participants experienced a 30 percent reduction in C-reactive protein levels, a marker of inflammation.

Carol Johnston, director of the nutrition program and co-author of the study, says that reducing inflammation in diabetics is important because it is linked to risk for heart disease.

“Of all the tree nuts, almonds have one of the most diverse nutrient profiles, including fibers, vitamin E, monounsaturated fats and arginine,” said Johnston. “We know that all the nutrients in almonds have health benefits.”

Sweazea says that one of the components in almonds, arginine, helps encourage your blood vessels to dilate more so that your blood pressure decreases. Most diabetics develop high blood pressure, which can worsen complications of diabetes, such as kidney disease and heart disease.

Spoonful of vinegar helps the blood sugar go down

Johnston and two of her students published a study that examined the effects of vinegar on markers of Type 2 diabetes in at-risk adults. Participants consumed a vinegar drink twice daily for 12 weeks. The study shows that consuming vinegar at the beginning of a meal reduces spikes in blood sugar, which keeps insulin production stable.

“People have been using vinegar to combat diabetes for two centuries,” she said. “And much earlier, Hippocrates recommended vinegar because of its many health benefits.”

The main component of vinegar is acetic acid, which research suggests interferes with the digestion of starch. This means that less glucose is released from starch to be absorbed into the blood stream and cause high blood sugar. If pre-diabetics are able to stop blood sugar spikes, less insulin is needed and the risk for disease progression is reduced.

Consuming any type of vinegar will show these results, but Johnston suggests having wine vinegar because it is more palatable. She also suggests mixing vinegar into salad dressings and sauces. In order to get the best results, dressings should have a ratio of two tablespoons of vinegar to every one tablespoon of oil.

Kenneth Moody, instruction kitchen coordinator for ASU’s Kitchen Café, has a recipe for raspberry balsamic vinaigrette dressing that incorporates vinegar in a beneficial and delicious way.

The nutrition program is recruiting adults 18- to 75-years-old who have Type 2 diabetes for a new study. Participants must be willing to consume ground flaxseeds or psyllium powder for eight weeks and travel to the ASU downtown research site one three occasions. If you are interested, visit the recruitment site here

Written by Kaly Nasiff

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ASU undergrad 'taps' into anthropology

November 18, 2014

Maximilian Bourque has been a dancer for most of his life – 14 years to be exact. Tap is his forte. He has gone semi-pro, performed in musical theater and taught technique to kids ages eight to 12.

Based on his talent and background, you might think the Arizona State University undergrad is a dance major. ASU undergraduate student Maximilian Bourque dancing Download Full Image

But Bourque is interested in many forms of cultural expression, as well as history and archaeology. Plus, he is a longtime athlete with a head for business. So, he combined his interests and aptitudes into a plan to study anthropology while pursuing a sports marketing certificate.

Traditionally, anthropology is divided into four areas: archaeology, evolutionary (also known as biological or physical) anthropology, sociocultural anthropology and linguistics.

Bourque was originally captivated by archaeology and, like many in the field, credits the attraction to "Raiders of the Lost Ark."

After exploring the various tracks within ASU’s School of Human Evolution and Social Change in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Bourque gravitated toward sociocultural anthropology. It seems a natural fit – a program that will allow him to study a variety of cultural themes, including dance and sports, and feed his passion to travel the world and learn about its peoples.

“I’m enjoying the university. Everyone tells you how college is harder than high school, but I find it more relaxed,” he explains. “It isn’t about memorizing and doing routine things. Here, you actually learn – learn how to do research, how to explore – and every day is different. It’s challenging in a good way.”

Dorm life has been another easy transition for Bourque, who is making himself at home. His mother sent him a portable tap floor, which he installed and now uses regularly. “I hope I don’t irritate my neighbors too much,” he jokes.

Being in a campus setting has reminded Bourque how rewarding it is to teach. He calls working with his former students “the best” and is looking forward to teaching again. His studio instructor from Oregon is putting out feelers to get him started training youth in the Phoenix area.

Bourque found his way to teaching through his involvement in the International Baccalaureate program, which aims to create culturally aware and engaged global citizens. The program included 50 hours of community service, 50 hours of athletics and 50 hours of creative work. Eight months of instruction fulfilled the creative requirement, and being surrounded by his pupils’ energy and enthusiasm reignited his love of dance, something he had lost while on the competition circuit.

Ultimately, Bourque would like to apply his teaching skills in the world of academia. His ideal career would involve working in an overseas university.

Rebecca Howe

Communications Specialist, School of Human Evolution and Social Change