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ASU, Mexico advance CHIPS Act support

July 31, 2023

‘Train-the-trainer’ workshop begins foundation for semiconductor education

The objective of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) signed in Tempe in November to integrate Mexico into the semiconductor industry in support of the CHIPS Act got underway recently with a “train-the-trainer” course to prepare instructors who will educate the future semiconductor workforce.

The workshop, held in Hermosillo, Sonora, and virtually July 17–20, is a key deliverable for the academic foundation envisioned in the MOU endorsed by Arizona State University, Mexico and the state of Sonora, said Mexico’s Ambassador to the U.S. Esteban Moctezuma Barragán virtually during the event’s opening ceremony.

“This not only contributes to the creation of a more competitive and integrated North America in terms of workforce development, but also places Sonora at the forefront of semiconductor training,” Moctezuma Barragán said. “Fostering the development of an ecosystem is essential for complementing the semiconductor industry among Mexico, the U.S. and Sonora. For this reason, we recognize the remarkable talent that exists within Mexico, because our human capital has incredible potential.”

ASU’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering faculty designed the four-day course as a first-phase engagement with universities and technical colleges in Mexico to share curricular development best practices for the semiconductor industry.

“The workshop was offered by Michael Kozicki and Terry Alford to 50 faculty members from over 25 higher education institutions across Mexico,” said Jose Quiroga, director of global development at the Office of Global Outreach and Extended Education in the Fulton Schools. “Workshop participants were nominated by their institutions based on their technical expertise and their involvement in the development of new courses or academic programs in semiconductors.”

Quiroga said that some of the outcomes of this first engagement are the creation of a “4 + 1” program where students can complete their undergraduate program in Mexico and come to ASU to obtain a master's degree in materials science and engineering; student and faculty exchange programs focused on research projects; and the certification of Mexican students and faculty on the ASU Graduate Certificate in Semiconductor Processing.

“Also, a Phase 2 workshop is being planned to bring a subset of these participants to ASU for a one-week study tour where they will visit ASU labs and research centers, and semiconductor companies in the Valley to gain a deeper understanding of the ecosystem in Arizona and workforce development needs of the semiconductor industry,” Quiroga said. “These and other ASU activities in Mexico related to semiconductors are being implemented to promote the expansion of the international assembly, testing and packaging capacity needed to diversify the global semiconductor supply chain, as outlined by the International Technology Security and Innovation Fund, appropriated under the CHIPS Act of 2022.”

In May, government and industry leaders from the U.S., Mexico and Canada gathered at a high-level conference hosted by ASU in Washington, D.C., to plot the future of the semiconductor industry in North America. The inaugural North America Semiconductor Conference consisted of multiple sessions and panel discussions about the need for an integrated strategy, including workforce development and greater engagement by universities.

Fielding a workforce in Sonora to support foreign trade interests was previously a challenge, said Sonora Gov. Alfonso Durazo during opening comments. However, he is confident the right resources are now in place.

“We have six new programs of higher education in order to start moving this forward,” Durazo said. “In August we’re going to start the engineer career in the semiconductor industry run by our biggest university, UNISON. We also have a program with 5,000 enrolled students. The main axis of Sonora’s plan is education and our commitment to increase opportunities.”

Jim O’Brien, ASU senior vice president of university affairs and chief of staff to President Michael Crow, addressed event participants virtually and called it a “tremendous gathering of talent, energy and ideas.” He called the overall project an important one from an educational, institutional and state perspective.

“This project illustrates how universities in Mexico and the U.S., the states and the countries themselves can work together to solve problems,” O’Brien said. “I do want to let you know that ASU is absolutely committed and making sure that what we are celebrating today is only the first of many steps in doing more to link North America around this tremendous opportunity.

“And as President Crow would say, ‘We’re all in, we’re ready to go.’”

Signed into law by President Joe Biden in August 2022 with bipartisan congressional approval, the CHIPS Act provides a $52 billion federal government investment to accelerate and increase U.S. semiconductor manufacturing. Microchips are essential to computing, car manufacturing, cell phones and many other industries, including defense. Currently, only 10% of the world’s microchip supply are produced by American companies.

Top photo: Faculty representing over 25 higher education institutions across Mexico display their certificates on July 20 showing completion of the semiconductor "train-the-trainer" course held in Hermosillo, Sonora. Photo courtesy Jose Quiroga

Jerry Gonzalez

Assistant Director , Media Relations and Strategic Communications

9 out of 10 scientists in ASU survey say they have role in reducing public vaccine hesitancy

Similar numbers say deliberately published false information is main reason for public confusion about vaccinations

July 31, 2023

Nine out of 10 U.S. academic scientists surveyed believe scientists have a part to play in reducing vaccine hesitancy among the public, a research team from Arizona State University’s Center for Science, Technology and Environment Policy Studies (CSTEPS) has found.

In addition, nearly nine in 10 said they believe deliberate dissemination of false information is a major source of public confusion about receiving vaccinations. Bottles on a table labeled "Covid-19 Coronavirus Vaccine." Photo courtesy Pixabay Download Full Image

CSTEPS’ science communication platform, SciOPS (Scientist Opinion Panel Survey), recently reported results of the survey, which tabulated responses from 316 U.S. academics in science provided between April 4 and May 1. SciOPS researches opinions of thousands of experts in science, technology and innovation.

Findings were published in a research article titled “How Scientists View Vaccine Hesitancy.”

CSTEPS Director Eric Welch of ASU’s School of Public Affairs led a team of researchers from ASU and the University of Illinois, Chicago, in producing the three-section survey. Results were released in July. The first section regards vaccination policies, the second discusses the role of science and risk communication about vaccines, and the third details scientists’ views on reasons for declining vaccination rates and public confusion.

Welch said while many op-eds and interviews with scientists about vaccines have been posted, this study uniquely provides the aggregated opinions of hundreds of biology and public health experts.

“This allows us to better see the areas of consensus and controversy,” Welch said. “The results from our survey highlight that there are a diversity of opinions within the scientific community regarding how to improve science-society communication, including the need to be transparent and candid to the public about the risk of vaccines and their research.”

Biologists comprise 69.4% of the survey sample, while public health experts comprise 30.2%. The survey has a margin of error of plus-or-minus five percentage points.

Key findings of the survey include:

  • 91% of the sample said they believe scientists have a role in reducing vaccine hesitancy among the public.
  • A majority responded that lack of public trust in the U.S. government (73%) and in pharmaceutical companies (54%) are major reasons for declining vaccination coverage.
  • A majority believe it is always ethical to communicate information about vaccines that has verifiable peer-reviewed scientific support (82%) and is fully transparent about scientific uncertainties (74%).
  • Most believe deliberate dissemination of false information (87%) and lack of public understanding (70%) are the major sources of public confusion.
  • About half (52%) of the respondents think entering into direct dialogue with the public is the most effective way for scientists to help reduce vaccine hesitancy.

The School of Public Affairs is part of the Watts College of Public Service and Community Solutions.

Mark J. Scarp

Media Relations Officer, Watts College of Public Service and Community Solutions