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March Mammal Madness tournament celebrates decade of science engagement

February 28, 2023

The simulated animal tournament at ASU returns with a community of learners over 660,000 strong

The world’s most popular simulated animal tournament is back for another year of exciting matchups.

March Mammal Madness, which was established in 2013, celebrated a decade of science education, innovation and impact during a virtual event held on Feb. 16.

The event featured Katie Hinde, associate professor in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change and the Center for Evolution and Medicine at Arizona State University, and Anali Maughan Perry, head of Open Science and Scholarly Communication at ASU Library.

Hinde, who has continued to serve as March Mammal Madness editor in chief of a team of scientists, illustrators, conservationists, librarians, designers and educators, joined Perry to kick off this year’s tournament, which runs from March 13–April 5, with stories from the past decade and what players could look forward to this year. 

Perry said that in 2016 she began following the tournament on Twitter after seeing scientists share articles and resources about different animals.

“There are so many things to love about March Mammal Madness,” Perry said. “I love animals. I love games. I love science, I like communicating.”

But she noticed that many of the links being shared were inaccessible behind paywalls or on platforms often blocked by K–12 schools. 

“We needed to find ways of sharing resources that would be accessible to everybody, even if they weren't at an academic institution,” Perry said. “Having a resource that had a dot edu URL would make it a lot easier for educators to engage and visit.”

Soon after, a partnership with the ASU Library was formed to create the March Mammal Madness LibGuide.  

Library guides, or “LibGuides” for short, are a platform used all over the world, where libraries can gather lists of resources in an organized and friendly way. Out of the more than 750,000 LibGuides in the world, March Mammal Madness is the 32nd most popular. The screen-reader compatible March Mammal Madness LibGuide provides everything you need to participate in the tournament, including videos, science resources, archived tweets and nightly matchup summaries.

Launching the 2023 tournament

More than 6,600 educators have already signed up to play in the March Mammal Madness tournament, and will have access to materials that will reach more than 660,000 learners.

The 2023 bracket dropped on Feb. 21 and features animals such as a golden eagle, a sea otter and Darwin’s frog.

For newcomers to the tournament, the saying is, “The mammals are the mammals and the nonmammals are the madness,” Hinde said.

The 2023 tournament includes a redesign of the LibGuide. Different portals break down the tournament by audience to help educators find the resources that are most appropriate for their corresponding age group. There are now areas for high school, college, middle school and K–5 students, and areas for families and homeschool groups. 

“Now you can click to the portal that is most relevant for you,” Hinde said.

The importance of humor and storytelling in science

Perry and Hinde also talked about the importance of including humor in scholarly communications

“In my field in scholarly communication, we see a lot about how people are engaging with and communicating their scholarly research,” Perry said. “I think it's always so much more interesting and exciting when scholarly authors include humor, and a little bit of their personality, in their writing.”

“I think one of the things that we lose sight of sometimes in science is that there's so much opportunity for joy and jokes and celebration within the scholarly community,” Hinde said. “And if you look at (articles) in the past, there are lots of hilarious writing and natural history articles, and clearly, there's a lot of humor. And it would be great if we could do more to bring that back.” 

The MMM tournament provides an opportunity to bring humor and creativity into science engagement. 

For example, this year's tournament features four divisions: Might Stripes, Itty Bitty Comeback City, Animal Engineers and Dad Bods.

The term “dad bods” celebrates the behavioral and physiological changes that happen to human fathers.

“What we're going to have is a division of species that have physical, behavioral, anatomical or morphological adaptations for paternal care or paternal investment,” Hinde said. “So we're going to have a division of high-investing dads. ... We're excited about some of the species that are going to be featured there of dads that just do some amazing infant care or care of young.” 

The tournament helps reinforce learning not just in the classroom but also in life, thanks to its narrative approach.

“Using narrative for learning is actually one of the most effective ways to promote retention of knowledge,” Hinde said. “In many of our other school subjects, narrative is the standard, but it's not as typical in conventional education for science.” 

“My kids have been doing March Mammal Madness with me for the last few years,” Perry said. “It's so funny what they remember. They pull stuff out of nowhere from three years ago, when they were six, and they still remember this event or this trait about a creature that they cared about.” 

Lessons from the MMM community

Every year the team seeks feedback from the community and learns how educators are using the LibGuide and resources.

“The big lesson learned here is if you're doing science engagement, listen to your community,” Hinde said. “Listen, and join in your community to really be able to make sure that what you're doing fits. Not every element is going to fit every constituency, but the collective is going to be much better positioned with that, with that listening.”

Teamwork is also a crucial part of the experience.

“When you create something that's fun and engaging and inclusive, people love it, and they show up with their skill set,” Hinde said. “And they say, ‘Hey, I noticed that you might benefit from a LibGuide' or 'Here's a beautifully graphically designed bracket.’ And that I think is one of the most beautiful things about this tournament, is that having started a seed of something that was very small, that people have loved it, and that they have invested in it and helped it flourish.”

Video courtesy March Mammal Madness LibGuide/ASU Library

Top photo: Illustration of a common treeshrew by Charon Henning

Marilyn Murphy

Communications Specialist , ASU Library


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Future of Mexico's democracy uncertain, say constitutional scholars

February 28, 2023

Panelists at ASU event analyze impact, future of Mexico's constitution

As Mexican lawmakers passed sweeping reforms Feb. 22 to revamp the country’s electoral agency responsible for elections, a panel of experts discussed the dilemma seen by observers as a threat to the future of Mexico’s democracy.

Arizona State University’s Center for Constitutional Design hosted three distinguished scholars in the areas of Mexico’s constitution and politics for an event on the Downtown Phoenix campus. The scholars provided a history of the nation’s guiding document and weighed in on the current developments spearheaded by the administration of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador.

López Obrador's administration is inching closer to unraveling the nation’s governmental system that did not achieve democracy until 2000, after 70 years of one-party rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional, or PRI.

“Mexico was ruled by hegemonic party for seven decades, but in 1988 the PRI lost the capacity to unilaterally amend the constitution since it no longer had two-thirds majority in the chamber of deputies,” said Andrea Pozas-Loyo, a professor at the Institute of Legal Research at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México and a distinguished research fellow in constitutional studies at the University of Texas Law School. “Political fragmentation grew, as did the rate of amendments, and in 2000, the PRI lost the executive (control) for the first time.”

Enacted in 1917, Mexico’s constitution has been amended 729 times, making it the third most amended in history after the 1874 Swiss constitution and New Zealand’s “flexible” constitution of 1852, Pozas-Loyo said. In contrast, the U.S. Constitution has been amended 27 times.

The continuous amendments, or hyper-reformism, obstructed the development and execution of constitutional mandates and made it difficult to build “judicial interpretation,” she said.

“It’s paradoxical that constitutional reform enabled constitutional transitions, but it blocked constitutional and democratic consolidation,” Pozas-Loyo said. “This is where we were in 2018. The country had gone almost two decades of democracy and we had been able to construct a constitutional framework that enabled checks and balances in power.

“Poverty had been declining, but on the other hand, there was an increasing discontent with corruption and inequality, and this led to a landslide election of current President López Obrador.”

Prior to López Obrador and his National Regeneration Movement, the newest political party, the presidency was held by the National Action Party from 2000 to 2012, then by the PRI until 2018. 

Constitutional reforms beginning in 1977 and focused on political representation and organization of elections paved the way to democratic rule in 2000, said Julio Ríos-Figueroa, an associate professor in the Department of Law at Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México.

Stefanie Lindquist and panel at ASU

ASU Professor of law and political science Stefanie Lindquist gives opening remarks during the panel discussion on Mexico’s constitution held Feb. 22 in the Beus Center for Law and Society on the Downtown Phoenix campus. Pictured (from left) are Julio Ríos-Figueroa, associate professor in the Department of Law at Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México; Manuel González, career professor at the Faculty of Law, Graduate Studies Division, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Lindquist; and Andrea Pozas-Loyo, professor at the Institute of Legal Research UNAM. Photo by Jerry Gonzalez/ASU

“As the country grew more complex, the PRI, the party in power, wisely started opening the door to welcome new political parties, new demands,” Ríos-Figueroa said. “And the way of opening the door was via the electoral reforms that made representation easier, for instance, proportional representation reforms, and also that made the counting of votes and the organization of elections easier and more credible.”

Subsequently, Mexico’s electoral agency, the Federal Electoral Institute (FEI), was established in 1990 to manage elections independently of the government. Today, it is responsible for the operation and staffing of 100,000 polling stations.

“Before the electoral institution was created, the counting and organizing of elections was in the hands of the government itself, much like in the U.S. still,” Ríos-Figueroa said. “But in Mexico, the government was not credible because it was a hegemony party.”

All the progress achieved through past constitutional amendments that eventually led to democratic elections is now in jeopardy after the Feb. 22 passing of the law that in part seeks to cut the FEI’s civil service workforce by 80%. This effort, referred to as “Plan B,” by López Obrador's administration, forces change through legislation instead of constitutional amendment. 

“It has to be said that the current government is absolutely legitimate; it won the elections in 2018 by a huge majority, fifty-something percent,” Ríos-Figueroa said. “It is a legitimately, democratically elected government.

“That’s why it is in part hard to come to terms with the fact that they are actually undermining the core institution that made this government and the previous democratically elected governments possible.”  

Opposition to the new law is mounting, as lawsuits are being filed to declare the new legislation unconstitutional. The decision is now up to Mexico’s Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation, where eight of 11 chief justices must vote against the law. Their decision will be pivotal as Mexico heads toward major elections in 2024.

“It’s a country of 130 million people, 80 million voters, the election will be huge,” Ríos-Figueroa said. “It’s not only the presidency, but also both legislative houses and many state governments.”

Even if the supreme court upholds the law, other avenues can be pursued, said Manuel González, a career professor at the UNAM Faculty of Law in the Graduate Studies Division and a renowned constitutional scholar.

“The opposition would challenge to the last resort,” said González, who was part of the electoral reforms of 1996, which were key to the first democratic elections of 2000. “Beyond the supreme court, there is another court, an electoral court. It could be challenged in different ways through the electoral court.”

Many outcomes are possible in the electoral court, González said. Mexico could become a parliamentary system, one where future presidents can change the constitution through legislation, as long as they are members of the parliament.

“There have been at least three projects to adopt the parliamentary system in Mexico in the past, but they have been rejected,” González said. “This president conducts and behaves (in a parliamentary) way. That would be the decline of the presidential system in Mexico; we would depart from the United States.”

López Obrador's Plan B brings a certain level of uncertainty as it takes the country to a state of democratic regression, Pozas-Loyo said. Increased instability and violence may ensue.

“It will be really sad because we would have the whole arc,” Pozas-Loyo said. “We will have a constitution that was able to produce a very slow transition to democracy through reforms, little by little. Then we would have attained democracy in 2000, followed by backsliding as the government created transformation, de facto of the constitution, through legislation.

“Sad because our constitution would have been able to create democracy but not consolidate it.”

The “perennial” question is how to consolidate and perpetuate democracy, said Stefanie Lindquist, panel moderator and professor of law and political science in the School of Politics and Global Studies and the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law at ASU.

“Thank you for educating us,” said Lindquist, who is also executive director of the Center for Constitutional Design. “I think we will all walk away much more aware of the current situation in Mexico, how it could ultimately change for the worst in terms of democratic backsliding, and how we need to pay attention.”

Top photo: Exterior view of Mexico's Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation building. Photo courtesty SCJN

Jerry Gonzalez

Assistant Director , Media Relations and Strategic Communications