He will rise again: 'Jesus Christ Superstar' revival coming to ASU Gammage

Two cast members share their experience and await coming home to Arizona

January 24, 2023

"Jesus Christ Superstar" is a show where two worlds collide as it brings the musical stylings of a rock concert — true to the original 1971 album of the same name — to the Broadway stage, complete with powerful vocals and fierce choreography. From Jan. 31 through Feb. 5, "Jesus Christ Superstar" will rock the stage at Arizona State University Gammage.

This musical is a story that many are familiar with as it shows Jesus’ life in the final weeks before crucifixion with one small twist: The story is told through the eyes of one of the 12 Apostles — the one who betrays him­ — Judas. Jack Hopewell and the company of the North American Tour of "Jesus Christ Superstar" performing on stage. Jack Hopewell and the company of the North American Tour of "Jesus Christ Superstar." Photo by Evan Zimmerman for MurphyMade Download Full Image

“'Jesus Christ Superstar' is a rock musical about friendship, power and betrayal to its core, and it really shines in those elements,” said cast member Nicholas Hambruch. “It's put on almost as a rock concert. It is emotional and guttural and intense, and it's great because it brings the story everyone knows to a much more human element.”

This show has an obvious biblical narrative, with storytelling elements that are tied to the world of music. Jesus is portrayed as this new up-and-comer in a world of old rock legends and record labels. Even in the stage and prop design, there are microphones and instruments hidden in plain sight that add to the worldbuilding of the story.

Hambruch portrays Pontius Pilate, a key character that comes into play during the second act. He comes from the old world of music and is the figurehead that the characters in "Jesus Christ Superstar" turn to when it comes to deciding the fate of Jesus.

He is “someone who is put in an impossible position and doesn't really know what to do, and the whole decision is put on his lap,” said Hambruch. “There’s this moral divide where he doesn’t want to kill this man for no reason but when faced with an angry mob, he knows that once they do this, he’s done too — he’s going to fall with Jesus.”

Something big that this musical adds to the original album is the choreography and dance elements that tie into the lyrics and staging.

“It's so interesting as you get to do these stories that everyone knows and loves, but it's so different this time around because of our direction, and our choreography is so much more physical than people have seen in the past. Dance is a huge storyteller of this,” said cast member Kalei Cotecson.

Cotecson is in the ensemble throughout the entire musical. She is one of the members of the angry mob that guide the story to its end. This is a very physically demanding role in the show, and Cotecson has to balance many hats for this role with her many appearances.

“This is such an ensemble piece. The mob is just a huge part of telling how things catapulted and got so intense so quickly, and we do show that incredibly physically onstage. It’s very predominant the entire show — a lot of movements and so little time to catch your breath,” Cotecson said.

It’s common to get homesick after being on tour for so long, but for some lucky cast and crew, where they call home is one of the stops on the road. This is the case for both Hambruch and Cotecson, who have both spent most of their lives in Arizona.

Side-by-side portraits of actors Nicholas Hambruch and Kalei Cotecson.

Nicholas Hambruch plays Pontius Pilate and Kalei Cotecson is an ensemble member in the North American tour of "Jesus Christ Superstar." Photo courtesy "Jesus Christ Superstar"

“The cast is really excited to come to Arizona specifically because this is my home state. I’ve really missed the sun, and I've been telling everyone how nice it’ll be when we get there. We all like to do things specific to each area, so we will definitely be hiking while we’re there, and best of all, I will get to see my family,” Cotecson said.

Both actors also have ties to ASU. Hambruch has many friends and connections here after he auditioned for the ASU School of Music, and Cotecson’s parents met while going to ASU and both sang in the choir.

“It's a really full-circle moment for me performing at ASU. I'm really glad to be able to come back and see everybody and be in my hometown,” said Hambruch. “Arizona is really wonderful, and I love all the places that I've gone to so far, I really do, but I am excited to get back home.”

While "Jesus Christ Superstar" tells a religious story, it is not necessarily a religious show. The emotional and religious context will come from the audience. It is the story that some people are familiar with, but the show itself makes no attempt to sway audiences to think one way or another about religion.

“The show is a show for everyone both religious and nonreligious. This is a story of two people and how power and greed put a divide in that friendship, and what you take out of it is entirely up to you. That’s true amongst the cast as well. Even the cast has very different roles, religious beliefs and different views, and it doesn't matter at all – everyone loves each other equally,” Hambruch said.

The show highlights the voices and talents of its cast while remaining true to the original album as its source material. The show has power ballads and intense duets that bring the show along a course of highs and lows that follow Jesus and Judas. There are moments of fun and laughter followed by somber moments of solitude and regret.

“The people are very amazing, and the story is so loaded; not only is it very entertaining and fun to sing along to, but you leave the room feeling something more. I really do love that it brings it down at the end on a note that makes you think about everything, and it has the opportunity to ignite real emotion in people and spark new conversation,” Cotecson said.

"Jesus Christ Superstar" will be coming to ASU Gammage Jan. 31–Feb. 5. For more information, please visit asugammage.com.

Emily Mai

Marketing and Communications Assistant, ASU Gammage

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Professor examines court ruling that returned 3M acres to Native American nation

January 24, 2023

New book explains history behind, impact of 'bombshell' case

In 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court made a decision to return more than 3 million acres of land in Oklahoma to the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. The case, McGirt v. Oklahoma, has been described as one of the most significant Native American-related rulings in 100 years.

The returned acreage in Oklahoma, including part of the city of Tulsa, is now recognized as “Indian Country,” as defined by federal law. 

Book cover for "A Promise Kept: The Muscogee (Creek) Nation and McGirt v. Oklahoma"

A new book, titled “A Promise Kept: The Muscogee (Creek) Nation and McGirt v. Oklahoma,” explains the legal and historical implications of the ruling, both for the Muscogee (Creek) Nation people and other Native American nations throughout the country. 

The book, which will be availablie on Jan. 26, was co-authored by Arizona State University Professor Robert Miller and University of Mississippi Professor Emeritus Robbie Ethridge

RELATED: Labriola Center book talk with Robert Miller on Feb. 14

Miller teaches at the ASU Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law and has followed the case since 2020. He is a legal scholar and expert in federal Native American law. He also happens to be member of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma. In the book, he offers a legal analysis of how the case unfolded and what contributed to the final decision. 

Ethridge specializes in historical anthropology as it relates to Native Americans of the American South. She provides the historic context of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, including the dark period when President Andrew Jackson defied the U.S. Supreme Court decision and violently confiscated land from the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

Here, the authors discuss the new book and the history behind and impact of the Supreme Court ruling

Editor's note: Answers have been edited for length and clarity.

Question: Your book is titled “A Promise Kept” — what was the original promise made to the Creeks by the Supreme Court?

Ethridge: The promise was that in exchange for Muscogee (Creek) Nation homelands in present-day Georgia and Alabama, the U.S. would guarantee lands for the Creeks in present-day Oklahoma. Once on those new lands, the Creeks would govern themselves and have jurisdiction over their territories in perpetuity. 

Miller: This promise to the Creeks and other removed groups was made in the 1830 Indian Removal Act, reiterated in the 1832 Treaty with the Creeks — which was the treaty for Creek removal and in the 1866 U.S. Treaty with the Creek Nation — the treaty forged after the Civil War. 

Q: Why weren’t those promises kept?

Ethridge: Before the ink even dried on these treaties, the federal government began interfering with Native Americans’ sovereignty and jurisdictions. 

And once Oklahoma gained statehood, it began to encroach on Native American rights. The federal government, for decades, turned a blind eye to Oklahoma and other state encroachments. 

So why were federal and state governments interfering and trying to usurp the promise? It's fairly simple — they wanted the land.

Miller: The land and all of its assets — oil, timber, minerals.

Rob Miller writes new book "A Promise Kept."

ASU Professor Robert Miller

Q: Explain the Trail of Tears and other atrocities Native Americans endured because of the defiance of the original Supreme Court decision. 

Miller: The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was a dark stain on American history. Today, we would call what the U.S. did ethnic cleansing. Other tribes were also removed to the Native American territory. My tribe was located in Ohio when we signed a treaty of removal in 1831 and then we were removed to where we are today — in the northeast corner of Oklahoma.

Ethridge: The Trail of Tears is the name of the deadly (1,000-mile) route that the Cherokee Nation was forced to follow when they were moved from present-day North Carolina and Tennessee to present-day Oklahoma. It has also come to refer to the removal of any of the Five Civilized Tribes — the Cherokees, Creeks, Seminoles, Choctaws and Chickasaws — from the southeast. 

The U.S. government, wanting to acquire all Indigenous lands east of the Mississippi River, forcibly removed most of the Native Americans (nearly 100,000 people) living there. Each nation signed a separate removal treaty, but almost always under threat and duress. 

These treaties forced them to relinquish their homelands for lands in Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska and parts of Iowa. Most resisted and were removed at gunpoint. Many of them lost their lives on the long march. Some perished once they arrived in Oklahoma because of the disease-infested and poorly supplied camps. And many simply died from broken hearts. 

Scholars estimate that about 33% of the Creek population was lost in the removal years. It was one of the darkest and dastardly episodes in American history. 

Q: The catalyst of your book was the Supreme Court’s 2020 decision. Explain the decision and why it was necessary?

Miller: In a nutshell, the Supreme Court, in a 5–4 decision, held that the 1866 U.S. Treaty with the Creek Nation is still in force and is still the “supreme Law of the Land” (meaning federal law will generally take precedence over state laws and even state constitutions). 

The more-than-3-million-acre reservation that the Creek Nation reserved for itself in the 1866 treaty is still in existence. For more than 100 years, Oklahoma purposely ignored this law and violated Creek sovereignty and jurisdiction. The U.S. is also at fault because it sat idly by and allowed these illegal actions and violations of the U.S. Constitution and federal law to occur.

In the Enabling Act of 1906, Congress placed a restriction on the new state — demanding that Oklahoma forever disclaim any jurisdiction or rights over the Indigenous nations and their lands. 

In 1907, the new state codified this requirement in the Oklahoma Constitution, but it then proceeded to ignore that legal restriction for 113 years. The Supreme Court’s McGirt v. Oklahoma case stopped those illegal actions and re-recognized the existence of the 1866 U.S. Treaty with the Creek Nation. 

Robbie Ethridge co-authors new book "A Promise Kept."

University of Mississippi Professor Emeritus Robbie Ethridge

Ethridge: The decision also attempts to clear up much of the confusion about jurisdiction, especially that the state of Oklahoma does not have criminal jurisdiction over the Muscogee (Creek) Nation reservation — the Creeks and federal government have that jurisdiction. The history of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation reservation is one in which the state of Oklahoma has, since its founding, attempted to whittle away at Native American jurisdictions, which is a way to whittle away at Native American sovereignty, which is a way to whittle away at Native American land rights. It's really a centuries-old story. The McGirt v. Oklahoma decision attempts to correct all of this.

Q: What was the impact of the U.S. Supreme Court decision on McGirt v. Oklahoma? 

Miller: I have called the McGirt v. Oklahoma case a “bombshell.” It already has and will continue to have a major impact on Native American nations, Oklahoma and the U.S.

Important questions about jurisdiction and which government has criminal or civil jurisdiction over which lands, peoples and topics have already arisen and will continue to do so. Furthermore, Oklahoma courts applied the analysis of McGirt v. Oklahoma and re-recognized the reservations of at least eight other tribal nations. 

The Native American nations and the United States now exercise jurisdiction over Indigenous peoples and, to a lesser extent, over non-Indigenous peoples in those areas. Forty-three percent of Oklahoma is now Native American country compared to 27% of Arizona. 

Ethridge: The book outlines the immediate and future results of this decision. It shows how it reverberates through most aspects of life for both the Muscogee (Creek) Nation and many other Native American nations facing similar questions.

Q: How will the ruling affect people currently living on the Creek’s land?

Miller: Initially, there were articles written about people losing their homes. No homeownership changed — nobody lost an inch of ground due to the decision. It is just that 1.8 million Oklahomans just found out that they live on a reservation. And the Creeks will start buying up all the land that comes up for sale now within their reservation border. 

Q: What will it mean for other Native American nations?

Miller: McGirt v. Oklahoma stands for a major proposition that is important to all Native American nations and people in the U.S. The court forced the U.S. and Oklahoma to abide by the “supreme Law of the Land” — the Creek Treaty of 1866 (U.S. Treaty with the Creek Nation). Will the Supreme Court continue to force the U.S. to live up to its treaty and statutory and human obligations to Native American peoples and nations all across the country? This is the promise but also the challenge of McGirt v. Oklahoma.

Ethridge: The McGirt v. Oklahoma case has large implications for other Native American nations. What happened to the Creeks and the encroachments by the state of Oklahoma on Creek rights has happened to many Indigenous nations. So the future of McGirt v. Oklahoma in part will determine their futures.

Q: How might this decision impact the 22 Native American nations in Arizona?

Miller: For tribal nations in Arizona, McGirt is a strong affirmation of treaty and tribal rights. In the six years since Justice Gorsuch joined the court, Native American nations have won eight out of nine cases. That is an incredible winning margin since tribes and Native American litigants had only won about 20% of their cases in the Supreme Court since 1986. 

Only one tribe in Arizona has a treaty, so McGirt might have a limited immediate application here but this great change in the court's attitude towards Native American claims helps all tribes. 

Q: This Supreme Court decision has been described as one of the most significant decisions related in Native Americans in nearly 100 years. Why?

Miller: Oklahoma now has the greatest percentage of Indian Country. The decision no doubt shocked many people and the government of the state has not yet accepted the decision. 

State officials have continued vigorously fighting this decision in every way imaginable and have already tried to get Congress and the Supreme Court to reverse McGirt v. Oklahoma. This battle will go on for decades in my opinion, and the Supreme Court and other courts will be the final arbiters on many of these issues. McGirt v. Oklahoma impacts and alters almost every aspect of life in Oklahoma.

Ethridge: If you look at the history of the Creeks and other Native Americans, you can see that treaties and legislation have, by and large, eroded Native American self-governance, jurisdictions and land bases. This treaty, in one fell swoop, reversed much of that erosion.

Top photo courtesy iStock/Getty Images

Dolores Tropiano

Reporter , ASU News