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ASU, Mexico partner to boost production of semiconductors in North America

November 22, 2022

Mexican ambassador visits ASU to talk CHIPS Act, tour facilities, sign MOU

Arizona State University will be working with higher education institutions in Mexico, along with industry partners, to boost the production of semiconductors in North America, which has been identified as a crucial national security issue.

On Tuesday, ASU President Michael Crow signed a memorandum of understanding with Esteban Moctezuma Barragán, the Mexican ambassador to the U.S., to seal the partnership.

Earlier this year, President Biden signed the bipartisan CHIPS and Science Act, which will distribute $52 billion to accelerate U.S. semiconductor manufacturing.

Because it is not feasible for all semiconductor manufacturing to move into the U.S., the act includes $500 million for international cooperation. The ASU agreement will pave the way for an alliance of universities in the U.S. and Mexico, plus microelectronics manufacturers, to focus on training workers and building production capacity in the northwest border states. That shift will reduce U.S. reliance on Asian manufacturing.

Mexico is perfectly situated to partner with the U.S. on the initiative, which is crucial to the interests of all of North America, Moctezuma said during a talk at ASU on Monday.

“Semiconductors are the most essential input for a wide range of products — electronics, smartphones, computers, automobiles, the aerospace industry, information technologies, telecommunications infrastructure, medical devices, electromobility and household appliances,” he said, noting that the manufacturing process requires specialized technology and materials.

“Semiconductors make up 40% of the total cost of a new car today.”

He noted the rise of manufacturing in Asia, where 75% of all semiconductors are now produced.

“In 1990, the U.S. produced almost 40% of worldwide semiconductors, and now only 12%,” he said, while the U.S. and China account for 50% of the global demand for the product.

“Today, the industries and national securities of the United States depend on the supply of semiconductors produced in China, Japan, Taiwan and Korea. If this supply chain is broken, there will be a global economic crisis, as we experienced during the pandemic when China closed almost all economic activities.

“The industry faces a risk of shortage of semiconductors and human talent that could limit the pace of innovation in the coming years.”

Moctezuma said that Mexico is a key partner because it offers economic, social and political stability, fiscal incentives, low taxes, access to international airports and proximity to customers and supplies, plus qualified engineers and an available workforce.

“Remember that almost 40% of U.S. semiconductor plants are in border sites,” he said, noting that Intel and Texas Instruments already maintain facilities in Mexico.

“We need to continue working in this effort of bringing production back to North America. It is not just a matter of trade but of technology, education, competitiveness, innovation, workforce development, regional security and geopolitics,” he said.

“Let us own the reality that our geographic proximity means sharing challenges and sharing solutions, but most important, sharing our common future.”

The team from Mexico, which included university and state government officials, spent two days at ASU. They visited the ASU MacroTechnology Works facility in Tempe, a lab and fabrication space that is open to university researchers and community partners, and the Intel campus in Chandler. They also heard from Kyle Squires, dean of the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering at ASU, and semiconductor industry representatives.

Sally Morton, executive vice president of Knowledge Enterprise at ASU, said that the agreement with Mexico is a natural outgrowth of ASU’s Charter.

“This is exactly the type of difficult but critical challenge our university charter calls upon us to address, and we’re excited to tackle it with you,” she said.

Top photo: Sally Morton, ASU executive vice president of Knowledge Enterprise, greets Esteban Moctezuma Barragán, the Mexican ambassador to the U.S., who delivered the inaugural CHIPS First address on Nov. 21, at the University Club on the Tempe campus. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU News

Mary Beth Faller

Reporter , ASU News


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Neighborhoods as a space for creativity, connection

November 22, 2022

ASU research examines evolving use of streets, sidewalks, driveways during the pandemic

In spring 2020, as the pandemic and resulting stay-at-home orders shuttered schools and indoor public spaces, many people found themselves holed up in their homes while still yearning to remain social creatures. 

From that desire for human connection, an unlikely communication outlet and form of creative expression emerged: chalk messages on neighborhood streets, sidewalks and driveways. Across the Valley, residents took to their asphalts and pavements to etch colorful words sharing messages of support, anguish, loss and triumph.

Deirdre Pfeiffer and her 4-year-old daughter spent many days walking hand-in-hand along the streets of Phoenix on the hunt for just such chalk messages. And they found several.

Portrait of ASU Associate Professor .

Deirdre Pfeiffer

“We will be okay.”

“Happy B-Day Audrey.” 

“Have a good rest of your day — the Austin’s.”

Pfeiffer, an associate professor of planning in Arizona State University's School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, wanted to better understand this social phenomenon – where it was happening, how neighbors were engaging with one another and how the pandemic brought residents to use their neighborhoods in novel ways. 

“Driveways, sidewalks and streets became canvasses for people, even a diary at times,” said Pfeiffer, whose research examines housing and health. “The way that this infrastructure helped people to communicate was really surprising, and they communicated in different ways.”

The results of her study, done in collaboration with Meagan Ehlenz, a fellow School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning associate professor, and Rababe Saadaoui, an ASU urban planning PhD student, were recently published in the Journal of Planning Education and Research.

Messages of coping and connection

Over the course of the first 14 months of the pandemic, from March 2020 to May 2021, the team of ASU student and faculty researchers documented the different ways people used neighborhood infrastructure to connect with one another. 

At determined intervals, the research team surveyed three chosen Phoenix neighborhoods, taking photos of chalk and street art that appeared and analyzing the messages, grouping them into a variety of coping and connective functions. The team then compared their findings to pre-pandemic uses of the same spaces by reviewing Google Street View images.

Portrait of ASU Associate Professor .

Meagan Ehlenz

They found that people used neighborhood space to communicate a variety of coping sentiments and feelings — not only positivity, excitement and solidarity, but also anxiety and sadness. 

Driveways and sidewalks became mediums for expressions of intimate emotions and support, or signs of care. Drawings of smiley faces, rainbows and hearts were often combined with advice or affirmation, while song lyrics written on a sidewalk conveyed emotional tones of what people were going through. 

“Every journey starts with one step,” one message said. 

“Con amor todo es posbile/with love anything is possible,” another said 

“Be Strong Lynda,” yet another said. 

Additionally, the research found that residents used their streets as a form of connective practice, taking events that, pre-pandemic, typically would only happen between family and friends, and making them neighborhood events. For example, since large gatherings were unsafe, people began to use driveways as birthday cards or congratulatory message boards for newly expecting parents, soliciting participation from neighbors. 

“Eric is 50 today! Leave a message!” one message said. 

“Welcome Baby Elsie,” another said. 

“Not only were people using these spaces that you would ordinarily use to just walk on or park cars in a different way, but they were also bringing neighbors into these very personal events,” Pfeiffer said. “It really shows the potential for this transportation infrastructure to do other things than to park cars.” 

Untapped potential

A better understanding of the alternative roles that can be played by streets, sidewalks and driveways provides insight into how these spaces could be used differently in the future and the value they provide beyond transportation use, Pfeiffer says. 

With the rise of self-driving car companies like Waymo and Cruise on the horizon, researchers say the demands to own cars may change, and so will the spaces designed to hold them. 

"You could sign up for a membership through one of these self-driving car companies,” Pfeiffer said. “So, what does that mean for all these garages and driveways that we all have that may become potentially useless in the future?

“I think the project shows the potential for these spaces to do these other things.” 

Researchers also analyzed the extent to which this change was fleeting. The study found that messages proliferated over about a year from the beginning of the pandemic, then began to dissipate as stay-at-home orders and other markers of the end of a period of isolation began to lift, concluding that there was a very acute period of using streets and sidewalks for creativity and connection.

“What I appreciate most about this research is how it shows the organic nature of community and socialization, even during a period where the ‘typical’ ways of socialization weren’t readily available,” said Ehlenz, a co-author of the study. “Rather than going to community events or greeting each other over coffee, this research embodies the ways creativity can memorialize a moment — even if for a short time — and allow neighborhoods to connect, reflect and process.” 

Research that brings people together

For Pfeiffer and her daughter, finding and taking photos of street messages and art was in itself a form of connection and play. 

The field research from this study was a result of the creative work of ASU students, faculty and their families. The ASU School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning employed students who lost jobs because of the pandemic to help collect the data through a school-run internship program. 

“We were able to collaborate with the student interns fully remotely, and two of us (Pfeiffer and Ehlenz) involved our kids, who were at home because of day care and school closures, in the data collection,” Pfeiffer said. “We were all participants to some extent in this research in our own communities.”

Top photo by Philip Arambula/Unsplash

David Rozul

Media Relations Officer , Media Relations and Strategic Communications