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ASU's commitment to innovation front and center at Arizona Capitol

January 27, 2022

Local lawmakers get firsthand glimpse into faculty and student work impacting the future of state and globe

Faculty and student work may start in the classrooms at Arizona State University, but the commitment to innovation reaches far beyond brick and mortar buildings, spanning a variety of multidisciplinary fields.

Advances in medicine and engineering, space exploration, using dog DNA to solve crimes and reviving civic studies in K–12 classrooms were just some of the topics and projects on display during ASU Day at the Capitol on Jan. 25. 

The annual event gives local and state lawmakers an up-close glimpse into that innovation. Dozens of academic units, faculty and students from across ASU showcased world-class research and ingenuity in partnerships and projects that will power not only the state’s future, but the global economy and the future of learning. 

“As a two-time graduate, first-generation student and current legislator, I am filled with so much pride for everything that Arizona State University does,” said Rep. Marcelino Quiñonez. “It’s been the number one university in innovation for seven years and counting. The NewSpace exploration and this idea of how space works and what’s our relationship with it, I think is incredible,” he said.

Representative Marcelino Quiñonez chats with Alumni Association President and Senior Vice President and Secretary of the University Christine Wilkinson at ASU Day at the Capitol

Arizona Rep. Marcelino Quiñonez chats with Christine Wilkinson, ASU Alumni Association president and senior vice president and secretary of the university, outside the state Capitol near downtown Phoenix on Tuesday, Jan. 25, as part of ASU Day at the Capitol. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU News

The School of Earth and Space Exploration and ASU NewSpace were there representing their advances in space exploration. Last year’s Feb. 18 landing of NASA's Perseverance rover on Mars is just one example of ASU’s work in space. The rover — which carries the ASU-led mast-mounted camera system "Mastcam-Z" — will help scientists learn more about water that may have once existed within Mars’ Jezero Crater. 

Back down on Earth, another area of exploration beyond borders is within ASU’s School of Transborder Studies, where faculty like Associate Professor Francisco Lara-Valencia study socio-environmental vulnerability, urban health, regional development, binational planning and the role of community networks on sustainable development at the U.S.-Mexico border (specifically along the Arizona-Nogales border) and several other borderlands in South America.

“We need to develop economically and socially, yes of course,” Lara-Valencia said. “But the issue is also environmental, on both sides. Our team is developing a system of indicators with data from both sides of the border that track how much progress has been made in the area in terms of income, poverty, education and accessibility to water,” he said.

The strategic plan Lara-Valencia and his colleagues are developing is bilingual, English and Spanish. 

Another partnership among the humanities represented at the event involved the School of Civic and Economic Thought and Leadership and the Center for Political Thought and Leadership. These institutions partner to bring civic debates to campus and civic education back into K–12 classrooms. 

“We are partnering with local school districts to emphasize the importance of our democracy and how it runs, as well as teach the basics of both state and federal laws,” said Marlene Rivas, events coordinator at the School of Civic and Economic Thought and Leadership and an alumna of the W. P. Carey School of Business.

To foster even further dialogue, the schools will partner to launch a new podcast called "Rebuilding Arizona Civics" on Feb. 14, the anniversary of Arizona’s founding as a state. Guests will include ASU educators, Arizona teachers and lawmakers, who will discuss how local laws are affecting the education system and how they can improve their classrooms.

“We're excited to continue our mission and be able to bring that civic debate to not only K–12 students, but also our ASU community through our lecture and event series, where we discuss how to handle things like cancel culture and fake news,” Rivas said. 

Other colleges and partners represented included the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering, who had several tables with demonstrations, the College of Global FuturesCollege of Health SolutionsKyl Center for Water Policy at Morrison InstituteNew College of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences and the Pat Tillman Veterans Center

While the new technology of personalized DNA testing results has grown in popularity the last decade, use cases for testing animal and canine DNA can also be useful in solving local crimes, and that’s exactly what Professor Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, from the School of Mathematical and Natural Sciences in the New College, does in his labs, where he teaches genetics and forensic science. 

“Instead of getting human DNA, which is more sensitive and more difficult, we can train our students with dog DNA,” Kanthaswamy said. “It is just like 23andMe, but it's using a canine based on 18 genetic markers.” 

Kanthaswamy said his students initially worked with nationwide canine samples, mostly from the American Kennel Club, but that working with samples from a local level provides much more relevant information for criminal investigations in the greater Phoenix area and Arizona in general. He also said using animal DNA samples can assist in determining authenticity in food labeling. For example, to determine if a meatball is really beef and not from another animal. 

ASU President Michael Crow learns more on how students at the New College use dog DNA to help aid in local criminal investigations

President Michael Crow talks with a policymaker outside the state Capitol near downtown Phoenix on Tuesday, Jan. 25, as part of ASU Day at the Capitol. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU News

One of the biggest challenges humans face around the globe, but especially in desert climates like Arizona, is water. Rights, use and general resources are what policy analysts and researchers like Susan Craig and Sarah Porter do at ASU's Kyl Center for Water Policy at Morrison Institute. 

The team at the Kyl Center created the Arizona Water Blueprint. It is an interactive, data-driven map of Arizona’s water resources and infrastructure. 

“We developed this tool so that we can have better discussions, so that we have better solutions,” said Craig, a water policy analyst at the center.

The map and website provide a tool for holistic thinking to inform policy decisions and good water stewardship.

“When you have the opportunity to walk around and talk with students and faculty, you really see how ASU never stops thinking about how the world can be better,” Rep. Quiñonez said. 

Top image: Doctoral student Alan Ehret of the STAM Center (Secure, Trusted, and Assured Microelectronics) talks about the small supercomputer, with 40 dual-core processor boards networked together, outside the state Capitol near downtown Phoenix on Tuesday, Jan. 25, as part of the ASU Day at the Capitol. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU News

Krista Hinz

Copy Writer , ASU Media Relations

 
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How to create a carbon-neutral Arizona

January 27, 2022

New ASU, SRP report details 4 pathways to deep decarbonization

As climate risks from ongoing drought and rising urban heat continue to grow, Arizona will need to find innovative ways to significantly reduce CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Many of the state’s electric utilities, industries and cities are planning actions to nearly eliminate their own emissions by 2050. But reaching carbon neutrality for all of Arizona’s economy will require greater effort.

In a new research collaboration, Arizona State University and Salt River Project have developed important insights into the significant decisions that lie ahead in determining how to cut CO2 emissions throughout the state.

During the past 1.5 years, an ASU research team with the Julie Ann Wrigley Global Futures Laboratory examined the future of Arizona’s economy and energy systems. The team assembled several working groups with representatives from academia, industry, utilities, governments and non-profit organizations. Through participatory workshops, interviews and data collection, the researchers analyzed key findings and integrated them with relevant studies on low-carbon technologies and decarbonization options in the United States.

Four potential pathways to decarbonization emerged, with important implications for the state of Arizona.

Clark Miller

Professor Clark Miller

“Figuring out how to redesign Arizona’s economy to be carbon neutral is one of the most important and difficult challenges facing the state. In this report, we show that there are very different pathways to accomplish that goal, and that the choices we make as a state really matter,” said Professor Clark Miller, director of the Center for Energy and Society in the School for the Future of Innovation in Society and lead author of the study. The School for the Future of Innovation in Society is an academic unit in the ASU College of Global Futures.

In the study, researchers and participants focused heavily on how Arizona could tackle “deep decarbonization,” or the “final 20%” of CO2 reductions — one of the most challenging parts of getting to carbon neutrality. This does not, however, underestimate the importance of the first 80% of CO2 reductions. Closing coal-fired power plants, building infrastructure to support electric vehicles and phasing out gasoline powered cars and trucks are already underway and shared across the four pathways.

“What’s very positive about this research is that there are multiple pathways to achieving a carbon-neutral economy in Arizona. To reach this goal, it will take a blend of these pathways, but it is important that we gather input and perspectives from a range of stakeholders on each of the pathways to reach an optimized approach,” said Chico Hunter, manager of innovation and development at SRP and co-designer of the study.

The four pathways

The first path is to electrify the economy. The state could rely extensively on electricity to power its residential, commercial and industrial sectors.

The second path focuses on building a new carbon economy by using new technologies to capture, recycle, reuse and possibly store CO2 in permanent storage facilities. This option may allow a few critical sectors of the economy to continue to use carbon fuels, while simultaneously tackling climate change.

A third path relies on building a hydrogen economy by using hydrogen to replace fossil fuels for energy. This would require the development and deployment of new technologies to transport, store and use hydrogen. In this path, hydrogen would power long-distance trucking, construction, farming and other heavy equipment. It would also run electric power plants and generate the high heat required for certain industrial and manufacturing processes.

The fourth path is focused on populations that may be left behind during the transition to a carbon-neutral economy. For example, low-income communities, businesses and households may face difficult financial hurdles to acquire clean energy technologies.

The report, titled "Pathways to a Carbon-Neutral Arizona Economy," highlights the broad benefits the state will reap from decarbonization — new investments in clean energy infrastructure, new economic opportunities in electric vehicle manufacturing and a cleaner environment — to name a few.

It also acknowledges the hurdles ahead.

“Beyond examining the technology changes that our economy will need, this report’s pathways also present the challenges they pose for different groups of people, including the transition that community members will need to make with their cars, homes and general ways of life. The report looks at how this can be accomplished across all populations, with a focus on equity and inclusion. It does not leave anyone behind,” Hunter said.

No matter which direction the state chooses, all stakeholders in Arizona must be on board with change.

Lauren Keeler

“Promising carbon neutrality is one thing, getting to carbon neutrality is another. This report is an important step for Arizona to rethink how to power its economy while eliminating carbon emissions. It’s clear from the pathways that Arizona businesses, utilities, governments and residents will all need to be involved,” said Lauren Keeler, assistant professor with the School for the Future of Innovation and co-author of the study.

“Business, policy, academic and community leaders across the state will find the report helpful in understanding the different options for reaching carbon neutrality. It also presents new opportunities to collectively explore what those options mean for different parts of the state, make deliberate and thoughtful choices to guide future developments and plan for what Arizona needs,” Miller said. “The federal government and global markets are already ramping up action on decarbonization, and we need to be prepared to take advantage of the opportunities for the state.”

Having many community partners working collaboratively, and urgently, on the strategies, activities and policies Arizona needs to reach total decarbonization is a crucial element of building a thriving future for the state.

“SRP deeply values its strategic partnership with ASU, and we found it vitally important to fund this project through the SRP Joint Research Program,” said Kelly Barr, SRP’s chief strategy, corporate services and sustainability executive. “This research is an enterprising example of our community collaboration and commitment to sustainably supporting the Arizona economy.” 

How to get involved

“We invite people to read the report, share it widely and discuss what it means for their city, their business or their community,” Miller said. “To create a sustainable future in our state, it’s crucial for diverse groups to begin talking and engaging with one another, inclusively, to foster collaboration across the different sectors of the economy and society.”

In the spring, ASU will coordinate a series of public webinars and dialogues to explore each of the pathways. These will be open to the public for participation. 

ASU and SRP are continuing their work on the project, examining how each pathway could affect different facets of energy systems operation and planning. They are also exploring more fully how to ensure that, no matter which pathway evolves in the future, the transition to a carbon-neutral economy is as equitable as possible.

Top photo: Overhead image of SRP's 45 megawatt Sandstone Solar Facility in Florence, Arizona. The facility came into operation in 2015 and produces enough renewable energy to serve about 8,000 Valley homes.

Sandra Leander

Assistant Director of Media Relations , ASU Knowledge Enterprise

480-965-9865