Somali student thrives at ASU's School of Molecular Sciences

November 29, 2021

Editor's note: This story is part of a series of profiles of notable fall 2021 graduates.

Maryam Nahar Abdulle was 14 years old when she moved from Bosaso, Somalia, to Arizona in April 2013. The following day she started school while learning english. This was, to say the least, an extremely difficult adjustment period. ASU student Maryam Abdulle poses for a photo in a graduation gown and cap, holding her diploma cover Maryam Abdulle graduated in December from ASU's School of Molecular Sciences. Download Full Image

Her struggle has paid off as Abdulle will graduate summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Science in December majoring in biochemistry from ASU’s School of Molecular Sciences. She will also receive a certificate in Arabic studies.

Abdulle’s initial life in Arizona was extremely difficult. She had no translator at school and was learning English while trying to preserve her Arabic and Somali languages. Learning to understand the new culture in Arizona presented its own challenges, but Abdulle maintained her Somali culture and religious practices which kept her motivated to navigate through any challenges.

Abdulle was constantly studying, but her hard work paid off, as she was accepted into GateWay Early College High School, which provides students with an opportunity to complete a high school diploma and an associate degree, concurrently, within five or fewer years. 

Transferring to ASU in 2018, Abdulle worked at many jobs including as a certified nursing assistant, medical imaging and MRI coordinator, as well as a success coach for incoming college students. She has a wealth of health care experience. She also performed undergraduate research at ASU’s Biodesign Institute looking at the molecular workings of Outer Surface Protein (OspC) that is critical in the pathogenicity of Lyme disease. Abdulle also interned at the Arizona Department of Health Services Laboratory.

Q: What was your “aha” moment when you realized you wanted to study the field you majored in?

A: The “aha” moment when I realized I wanted to study the field of biochemistry science was when I enjoyed the elegance of biochemistry after learning organic chemistry. Also, biochemistry is applicable to many areas of medicine.

Q: What’s something you learned while at ASU — in the classroom or otherwise — that surprised you or changed your perspective? 

A: I learned the importance of networking.

Q: Why did you choose ASU?

A: As a first-generation college student, I applied to a few schools and I chose ASU for a few reasons. I chose ASU not only because it offered me the most scholarships, including the New American Scholarship, but also because of the campus resources it offers to students. I also received numerous scholarships from all the universities where I applied.

Q: Which professor taught you the most important lesson while at ASU?

A: My scholarship adviser and mentor, Matthew Sotelo, who works with Education Forward Arizona, is one of the amazing people who took the time to mentor me throughout college. Matthew helped me — from resume revisions, writing letters, as well as general life advice and so many other things.

Q: What’s the best piece of advice you’d give to those still in school?

A: I would encourage other students to explore resources and opportunities that not only relate to their current majors but also other side interests they might have. I would advise students to get involved and take opportunities as they can, even if they already have full work and schoolwork schedules. Just make sure you understand time management. Look into internships early in college and know that rejection is an opportunity to learn where to improve and that new doors will open. Trust God and put in effort.

Q: What was your favorite spot for power studying?

A: My favorite spot on campus was on the third floor of Noble Library, specifically the study rooms. I would spend time there every day studying and writing lab reports. It was not close to where most of my classes were located but I still managed to go there to study.

Q: What are your plans after graduation?

A: My plans after graduation are to apply to a computer science master’s degree and utilize my health care knowledge and experiences with technology to help patients’ treatments and help health care workers. Also, as a biochemistry science student who has read and interviewed many scientists who are struggling to make their scientific research and discoveries come to light, I plan on working with scientists in developing countries to help create connections with other countries to make their scientific research and discoveries not only receive funding but also build strong collaborations and resources, and make the process less complicated. I will utilize my science and computer-science skills to create the necessary resources to help.

Q: If someone gave you $40 million to solve one problem on our planet, what would you tackle?

A: I would spend the $40 million to help provide affordable health care for everyone around the world. Many countries, and Americans without insurance, struggle and cannot afford the care they need, so I would create access to affordable and effective health care options for those patients and communities.

Jenny Green

Clinical associate professor, School of Molecular Sciences


A unique Maya urn takes an ASU archaeologist on a surprising journey

November 29, 2021

He walked past the ceramic Maya urn dozens of times. Archaeologist Joel Palka knew from his extensive experience with Maya culture and art that the urn was unique. It stood 3 feet tall and depicted the full body of a cave-dwelling black God — not just a face. The artifact would take Palka on a surprising journey and eventually lead to international recognition during Mexico’s 200th anniversary of independence celebration. 

Palka, an associate professor with Arizona State University’s School of Human Evolution and Social Change, started traveling to Albion College in Michigan in 1999 because of its Maya archive, a collection of papers and artifacts donated by an alumnus. Palka passed the glass case with the urn in the Albion library over several years while visiting the archive for research. He was working on a book about Maya culture change that relied on historical documents and images. Joel Palka and collaborator, archaeologist Josuhé Lozada, next to the repatriated Maya urn from Albion College on exhibit in Mexico City. Joel Palka (left) and collaborator and archaeologist Josuhé Lozada, next to the repatriated Maya urn from Albion College on exhibit in Mexico City. Photo courtesy of Joel Palka Download Full Image

While he was interested in the urn, he said he was focused on getting his book done.

“I’m thinking, ‘OK, very interesting piece.’ It shows this black God coming out of a cave on a mountain,” Palka said.

He believed the urn was between 400 and 500 years old, although most date 1,300 years old. 

Palka said the urn in the library was very similar to urns found at a famous Maya site called Palenque in Chiapas, Mexico. However, unlike the Palenque urns that normally consist only of a face, this one included a full body. Palka also found images taken by the explorer who donated the urn in a cave in Lake Petha in Chiapas. This remote, unexplored site is very close to the area Palka studies.

As time passed, Palka began talking with the special-collections managers of the Albion College library about repatriating the urn to Mexico. 

Two months after that conversation, Palka was in Chiapas to get research permits from the Regional Museum of Anthropology and History of Chiapas in Tuxtla Gutiérrez (Museo Regional de Antropología e Historia de Chiapas). As Palka entered the Maya hall exhibit, he saw something unusual that caught his attention.  

“It was weird, it was totally weird!” Palka said. “So that urn that’s kind of smirking at me for 10–12 years in Albion — I walk into the museum in Chiapas, Mexico, into the Maya hall, and there’s the Albion urn smirking at me.” 

Was it a copy? Was the urn returned from Michigan? 

The repatriated Maya urn from Albion College on exhibit in the Secretaría de Educación Pública (Secretary of Public Education) building in Mexico City.

The repatriated Maya urn from Albion College on exhibit in the Secretaría de Educación Pública (Secretary of Public Education) building in Mexico City. Photo courtesy of Joel Palka

After marching into the museum director's office trying to figure out what was going on, Palka soon learned the urn in the Chiapas museum exhibit was not the Albion urn, although it was from the same region, Lake Petha. 

Palka said it’s “unheard of” to find two identical ceramic Maya urns. He said there are some Zapotec examples from tombs in Oaxaca, Mexico, but not Maya ones. 

The next step was to find out if an ancient Maya artist twinned these urns for some cultural or religious reasons. Or perhaps the explorer from Michigan who found the urn made an exact copy — something Palka said is very hard to do. 

Palka received permission to extract clay from both urns to determine their authenticity, and he used two different methods to analyze the clay. The analysis of both samples was done in labs with archaeological chemists. He worked with Mexican archaeologist Josuhé Lozada to get clay samples, research permits and co-author publications.  

“From the chemical analysis I learned they were from the same clay source, probably then the same artist and the same workshop,” Palka said. “They are not from the Palenque region. This clay chemistry was completely different from the Palenque clay.” 

Once Palka knew the artifacts were probably from different caves around Lake Petha in Mexico, he worked closely with Albion College and Lozada to repatriate the Michigan urn in spring 2021. 

But there was one more twist in this story. 

Yet another Lake Petha urn was found of a Maya moon and maize goddess, making these ceramic urns a trio. The urn featuring the female goddess was in storage for 50 years, then turned up on display at the Maya Museum of Cancun (Museo Maya de Cancún), where Palka heard about it. 

In September, Palka was invited to a new exhibit in Mexico City displaying the Chiapas urn and the moon and maize goddess urn. The exhibit is located at the National Museum of Anthropology (Museo Nacional de Antropología). Palka was an honored guest invited by the president of Mexico’s Cabinet and Jorge Mendoza Yescas, consul general of Mexico in Phoenix. 

The ongoing exhibit is called “The Greatness of Mexico” (“La Grandeza de Mexico”). Palka says an extension of this same exhibit is in the Secretary of Public Education (Secretaría de Educación Pública) building, where the urn from Albion College is being exhibited.  

This exhibit unveiling coincided with the celebration of Mexico’s 200th anniversary of independence in Mexico City, where Palka was on center stage. The internationally televised event featured the Mexican government thanking Palka and ASU for their collaboration in repatriating the urn to Mexico.  

Palka hopes all three Maya urns will eventually be returned to the Chiapas museum.

Nicole Pomerantz

Communications specialist, School of Human Evolution and Social Change