Beginning with her days in Tempe, a series of friendships and dwellings in American cities like San Francisco and New York would provide Smedley access to a growing community of radical thinkers and social activists, including feminist Henrietta Rodman and birth control activist Margaret Sanger.

Smedley’s talent for writing and her various left-wing causes eventually would lead her to Indian freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai, as well as a new focus, Indian independence, which took her from New York to Germany, where she worked for several years before settling in China in 1929.

“Smedley was taken with the idea of China,” said Jim O’Donnell, university librarian and a professor in the School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, within ASU’s College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. “In 1936, she went on to Xi’an and Yan’an, where for five years she came to know and work with the leaders of the revolutionary movement that would succeed a decade later. Even though she left China in 1941, I think her burial site is a sign of where she found her true home.”

Smedley, whose history is fairly unknown to most Americans, was highly influential in ushering in the modern era of American-Chinese relations, O’Donnell said.

“This history, now gone from living memory, helps us see how the roots of our modern connections were formed by earlier generations,” he said. “We hope that this common exploration of the history of this remarkable woman will advance understanding of the way the Chinese and American people have found ways to improve mutual understanding and cooperation over the last century and will be an opportunity for study, reflection and further historical investigation on both sides of the ocean that separates us.” 

“Agnes Smedley: A Revolutionary Life” opened May 1 to a steady stream of visitors at the Museum of the Former Residence of Sun Yat-sen, a major museum in Shanghai, the city where Smedley landed in the summer of 1929 as a special correspondent for the Frankfurt Zeitung.   

Gabbard says the exhibition series is, in large part, thanks to the work of the ASU Library’s Timothy Provenzano, a project manager for collections care and processing, and Abigail Merritt, a preservation specialist, who digitized the collection's more than 10,000 archival items that will be accessible via the ASU Digital Repository next spring, in addition to a multidisciplinary team of students, mostly from ASU’s Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts.

The student team was led by Huixian, the exhibition’s curator and a graduate student in the School of Art.

“This exhibition is from the perspective of an American female journalist to see modern Chinese history,” Huixian said. “It might bring some fresh ideas for the young Chinese audience.”

The student team included Michael Diaz, who graduated in 2019 with his MFA from the School of Art; Kimberly Lyle, who graduated in 2018 with her MFA from the School of Art; Ni Zhan, an undergraduate student in The Design School; Dalin Yang, a computer science undergraduate student in the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering; and Yipaer Aierken, a graduate student in the School of Art.

In addition to the Museum of the Former Residence of Sun Yat-sen, the ASU collaboration has led to partnerships with the Edgar and Helen Snow Center at Northwest University in Xi’an and the Edgar Snow Center at Peking University.

“On behalf of the university and the library, I am immensely grateful for the profound hospitality of our Chinese partners and the opportunity to explore this shared history,” O’Donnell said.

Due to the global pandemic, the number of people admitted to the exhibition has been limited, and the planned exhibitions for Northwest University and Peking University have also been postponed until late September and 2021, respectively.

The exhibition will eventually land at ASU. 

For more information on the Agnes Smedley Collection, email Gabbard.

Britt Lewis

Communications Specialist, ASU Library