When everything clicks: Making sense of online education

A student, alumna and adviser share what to expect and how to succeed when earning an online degree

April 18, 2019

Studying online takes more than a laptop and a comfortable desk chair. Students have to be self-motivated, organized, and yes, even willing to put in some extra work, beyond what their on-campus peers experience.

“In a traditional face-to-face class, you might go, listen, take notes and only take three tests for your grade,” said Arizona State University adviser Kim Danielson. “But in an online format, you have to respond to discussion questions, write essays, do group assignments, read readings, watch videos, take quizzes and tests, and perhaps make videos or presentations. So you have to put extra hours into the week for studying and doing assignments in more dynamic formats.” photo of keyboard with coffee mug and notebook Download Full Image

However, it can also be extremely rewarding, she adds, leading to research opportunities, strong relationships with faculty and a degree that carries just as much weight as one achieved by taking in-person courses.

Danielson is an adviser from the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, which has graduated 162 online students since launching its programs in this format in 2014. Currently, about 52% of its undergraduate student body is seeking online degrees.

Here, she and two people from the school’s online program — global health student Ignacio Castellanos and anthropology alumna Kristin Keckler-Alexander — share their tips and insights into how to get the most out of an online educational experience.

Answers have been edited for length and clarity.

photo of Ignacio Castellanos

Ignacio Castellanos wants to use his global health degree to impact others' lives.

Question: Why did you choose an online program?

Castellanos: I chose this degree because I feel that I can use this knowledge to help people out. I want to use my degree to work for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and join their Global Health Response team. There are a wide variety of health disparities in the world, and with this degree I can help make an impact in someone's life.

Keckler-Alexander: Archaeology really stemmed out of my love of anthropology and my love of history. I’m grateful to ASU for having the vision to have such a comprehensive online campus. It’s given me, a military spouse who doesn’t live anywhere for very long and who’s got three children, the opportunity to pursue my degrees, and that’s not something I would have at a brick-and-mortar institution.

Q: What is the best course you’ve taken at the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, and why?

Castellanos: I think with each course I was able to learn something different that broadened my perspective on health issues. Instructors like Hallie Edmonds, Rhian Stotts and Associate Professor Megan Jehn, to name a few, provided so much feedback and knowledge that made me feel as if I was back on campus.

Q: What is unique about the School of Human Evolution and Social Change’s online programs?

Danielson: It’s the number one research-producing anthropology department in the country and has high-quality programs with the top researchers in their fields. The fact that we have the global health and anthropology programs with both on-ground offerings and online offerings — with no distinction between those other than format — equalizes the playing field to enter into these disciplines.

People also assume that online programs rely on adjunct faculty who know very little about their material and had no part in course development. But the programs at the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, and ASU as a whole, use courses led and designed by tenure-track and tenured faculty.

Q: What has surprised you about studying online?

Castellanos: The one thing that surprised me about studying online was the fact that I felt like I was back on campus. I was able to take two semesters on campus, and the interaction between the student and professor does not change. All my professors in both campus and online courses were so helpful, accessible and supportive, which is important especially for those taking classes online. It kept me motivated throughout my studies.

photo of Kristin Keckler-Alexander at a total station

Kristin Keckler-Alexander recommends online students get involved in research. Here, she mans a total station at an archaeological site in Colombia.

Q: What advice would you give to future online students?

Castellanos: Studying is something that you should not slack on. Waiting until the last minute will make you feel overwhelmed. I know everyone says it, but it is very important and must be said again and again.

Keckler-Alexander: Research is great in my experience because it always propels you to ask bigger questions. Even when you think you’re finding an answer, what you really find are five or six more questions. And that’s part of the fun of it.

Q: What is your best tip for success for online students?

Danielson: Find out who you are and what you like. Take as many of the classes you like as you can, which will motivate you for optimal performance. There will be a few classes you don’t like, but find a reason that class will give you value, even if it is appreciating when it’s finally over. Having a reason for everything will lift you up toward the finish line. And don’t forget about other resources you may have access to as an online student, such as advising, counseling, wellness applications, clubs, athletics and ASU spirit and pride to keep your academic and personal goals supported.

Top photo courtesy of Pixabay

Mikala Kass

Communications Specialist, ASU Knowledge Enterprise


Sanford School grad follows her passion for helping families

April 18, 2019

Editor’s note: This is part of a series of profiles for spring 2019 commencement.

Aira Valera, a family and human development major in the T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics at Arizona State University, has practical advice about finding the best places on campus, finding your passion and finding yourself.   ASU student Aira Valera After graduation, Aira Valera will continue on to her master's degree in marriage and family therapy at ASU. "After that, I aspire to work with families dealing with domestic violence," she said. Download Full Image

Question: What was your “aha” moment, when you realized you wanted to study the field you majored in? 

Answer: My "aha" moment came much earlier before I was actually willing to change majors. I started out at a child care job during my senior year of high school in which I learned I wanted to work with kids and families. However, due to the pressures of my family, I felt I needed to pursue something in the medical field and started out in speech and hearing science, then later in sociology in hopes of aspiring to be an occupational therapist. All that changed when I took FAS 101 (Personal Growth in Human Relationships) my first semester. From then on, I truly knew family and human development was for me.

Q: What’s something you learned while at ASU — in the classroom or otherwise — that surprised you, that changed your perspective?

A: In my GPH 381 (Geography of Natural Resources) class, I was surprised to hear of all these things that are happening in the environment around us and the time and effort some resources take up. The class completely changed how I looked at the world and made me more environmentally conscious of the resources I use daily.

Q: Why did you choose ASU?

A: I chose ASU primarily because of cost. It was in a commutable distance (she's from Gilbert, Arizona), and I received scholarships and grants that allowed me to graduate debt-free.

Q: Which professor taught you the most important lesson while at ASU?

A: My Intro to Hip Hop professor, My-Linh Le, taught me that I am capable of more than I think. I often doubt myself and have a lot of issues with my confidence, and this dance class has really gotten me out of my comfort zone and helped me to grow. I've seen such an improvement in my confidence compared to when I first started the class. 

Q: What’s the best piece of advice you’d give to those still in school?

A: Find the good bathrooms on campus; they're usually in the basements or top floors of buildings. I'm kidding, but also not. The best advice I'd give to those still in school is to study what you want and what will make you happy. For years, I struggled with Filipino culture of being pushed to become a nurse, doctor, lawyer or engineer. It took depression and a bit of therapy for me to realize that I needed to pursue what makes me happy, not what makes my family happy. 

Q: What was your favorite spot on campus, whether for studying, meeting friends or just thinking about life?

A: I'm not Mormon, but I love the LDS institute on campus because it is so quiet and everyone is nice there. I took a lot of naps and did homework before or between classes in that building; mainly because I used their parking garage on campus and it was right next to it. 

Q: What are your plans after graduation?

A: I'm continuing at ASU to get my master's (degree) in marriage and family therapy. After that, I aspire to work with families dealing with domestic violence.

Q: If someone gave you $40 million to solve one problem on our planet, what would you tackle?

A: Animal agriculture is the second —or first? — largest contributor of greenhouse gas emissions. With $40 million, I would love to fund restaurants and fast food places to start carrying more vegan options and to create more cheap, tasty vegan alternatives to animal-based foods that is on par with or cheaper than the animal-based options. The biggest thing that holds people back from reducing their animal-based foods in their diets is money. Once these alternatives are brought to a cheaper, competitive level will we then see a shift towards more people choosing those options. Once that shift occurs, we will see a great decrease in greenhouse gas emissions, food shortages and even rates of obesity.