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ASU student wins New York Times journalism contest

March 8, 2019

After beginning her time at Arizona State University on a journey cycling from Flagstaff to Tempe, it was only fitting that Mia Armstrong would graduate to go on another adventure.

Armstrong has won the prestigious honor of accompanying New York Times Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist Nicholas Kristof on a reporting trip this year to cover global poverty and social justice issues.

The double major in journalism at the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication and global studies with the School of Politics and Global Studies won a New York Times contest for an essay critiquing the media’s coverage of the criminal justice system. 

Established in 2006, Kristof’s Win a Trip Contest encourages university students to submit an essay on one of three topics: disagree with a column by Kristof and explain why; disagree with the Times’ coverage of a topic and explain why; or choose an issue that is poorly covered and explain how it could be covered better. In Armstrong's essay, she argued that media reports of people who are incarcerated often lack a human element. 

Armstrong was speechless when Kristof himself called to inform her she had won.

“The type of reporting that Nick Kristof does is the type of reporting I want to do with my life,” she said. “For it to culminate in all of that was a very overwhelming and humbling moment.”

Armstrong, who will graduate in May, has worked in Arizona prisons for the past two years teaching a course on writing and journalism. She said the experience gave her a personal look at the ins and outs of the criminal justice system.

She said she has long admired Kristof’s columns and thinks the trip will be a great opportunity to learn from a journalist who is covering the issues that are important to her.

ASU student Mia Armstrong during her study abroad

ASU senior Mia Armstrong hopes to live abroad and do bilingual reporting after graduation. She is pictured here while studying in Mexico City.

“I have always been interested in global issues,” Armstrong said. “I had lived in Flagstaff my entire life, so I was eager to learn more about the world and other places. That’s why I decided to pursue global studies at ASU.”

During her freshman year, Armstrong took a class with School of Politics and Global Studies associate professor Victor Peskin on humanitarian crisis and international intervention. The course required students to read “Love Thy Neighbor” by Peter Maass about his time covering the conflict in the Balkans as a journalist with the Washington Post.

“I loved the way that he talked about journalism as a way to raise awareness about international issues,” said Armstrong. “In that class I realized the power of storytelling in journalism to do some of the things I was interested in doing with my global studies degree.”

After that class, Armstrong signed up to add a journalism degree.

As part of her trip with Kristof, Armstrong will write pieces for The New York Times’ website. She will be reporting from either Guatemala, Haiti or American Indian reservations. A location has not yet been chosen.

In addition to her work with Arizona inmates, Armstrong is a bilingual journalist for Cronkite Noticias, an immersive professional experience in which Cronkite students report on issues critical to the Latino community. She previously interned at Future Tense, a partnership between Slate magazine, New America and ASU that explores emerging technologies.

“We are extremely proud of Mia on this amazing accomplishment,” said Christopher Callahan, Cronkite School dean. “This achievement is a testament to her hard work at the Cronkite School and her passion for international journalism. We wish her the best on her trip, and we look forward to her reporting.”

After Kristof publicly announced her as the winner of his contest, Armstrong shared that total strangers had reached out with their support. Even ASU President Michael Crow shared his congratulations.

“That’s been a really amazing experience — feeling support from people I don’t even know."

Following the trip, Armstrong said she hopes to continue her journalism career, reporting on issues related to borders and immigration.

“The Cronkite School has challenged me every step of the way — not just as a student, but also as a journalist,” Armstrong said. “The rigor and focus on doing real work from day one has allowed me to build on my skills and passion for storytelling.”

At The New York Times, Kristof has won two Pulitzer Prizes for his coverage of Tiananmen Square in China and genocide in the Darfur region of Sudan. His reporting covers human rights, women’s rights, health and global affairs. He and his wife, Sheryl WuDunn, have written several books together, most recently “A Path Appears” about how to make a difference. His next book is expected to be released this fall.

The Center for Global Development assisted Kristof in picking a winner for the contest. The CGD is an organization that works to reduce global poverty and improve lives through innovative economic research that drives better policy and practice by the world’s top decision makers.

Although Armstrong is ready for the next chapter, the idea of graduating this May from ASU doesn’t seem real yet.

“All that the university has given me — I feel very indebted and connected to that,” said Armstrong. “It will be very hard to leave but I think the connections I made here will stay with me.”

Matt Oxford and Joe Giordano contributed to this report.

Top photo: Mia Armstrong rides a bike on ASU's Tempe campus as a freshman on Aug. 21, 2015. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU

Multidisciplinary student researcher aspires to solve health challenges

March 8, 2019

Ava Karanjia was 8 years old when she was diagnosed with an unknown illness and spent countless hours in doctors’ offices being handed from one specialist to another.

Though the disease directly affected her, Karanjia also saw the indirect effect it had on her family. As she grew older, she came to understand how illness can affect entire communities. Ava Karanjia works in Heather Bean's lab. Junior Ava Karanjia conducts research to help detect changes in lung bacteria to further the development of better treatments. Karanjia, who is double majoring in chemical engineering in Arizona State University’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering and molecular biosciences and biotechnology in ASU’s School of Life Sciences, takes advantage of a multidisciplinary approach to her research and has been recognized with two first-place student poster competition awards. Photo by Marco-Alexis Chaira/ASU Download Full Image

Karanjia’s experience inspired her to pursue a career where she could help communities overcome health challenges by tackling them at the molecular level.

“In the future, I want to help others overcome their own struggles,” said Karanjia, now a junior double-majoring in chemical engineering in Arizona State University’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering and molecular biosciences and biotechnology in ASU’s School of Life Sciences.

Starting a journey to a career in health

A high school biotechnology course piqued Karanjia’s interest in precision medicine — using a patient’s genetic background to diagnose or treat an illness. This interest led her to seek out schools that would let her hit the ground running on conducting health-related research.

ASU checked the box as the best place to start.

“Other schools said research was for upper-division students, and I wanted to get involved as soon as I started college,” Karanjia said.

After she was accepted at ASU, Karanjia was invited to join ASU’s Grand Challenge Scholars Program — a National Academy of Engineering-accredited program that helps prepare students to be collaborative, cross-disciplinary problem solvers. Grand Challenge Scholars Program students pursue entrepreneurial, global and service learning opportunities to find solutions to 14 grand challenges society faces in the 21st century, including engineering better medicines.

Amy Trowbridge, a senior lecturer and director of the Grand Challenge Scholars Program at ASU, believes having a double major is a unique way Karanjia has embraced the program’s principles.

“Ava embodies the characteristics of a Grand Challenge Scholar in that she is gaining and applying knowledge from two different disciplines to solve multidisciplinary challenges related to health,” Trowbridge said.

Karanjia believes double-majoring has helped her see how her chemical engineering courses apply to biology, particularly disease-causing microbes.

“Engineering provides you with problem-solving abilities and the engineering mindset that helps you go through things very methodically,” Karanjia explained. “Life sciences provide me with the intensive background in molecular biology and microbiology that I wouldn’t get from chemical engineering.”

By taking this multidisciplinary approach, Karanjia realized she can have a big impact in a career in drug development from discovery to synthesis.

Finding a multidisciplinary research niche

Karanjia quickly learned the fundamentals of working in a lab during her first semester with chemical engineering Assistant Professor Heather Emady’s research team, pursuing advances in drug manufacturing.

But soon she found her true research passion under the wing of Heather Bean, a professor in ASU’s School of Life Sciences.

“In Dr. Bean’s group, I’m acquiring all these new skills and really pushing myself toward something new,” Karanjia said.

Bean supports Karanjia’s multidisciplinary interest in biological sciences and engineering, which has led to a rich mentor-student relationship through which Karanjia is thriving.

Karanjia quickly got to work in Bean’s research group that explores the development of breath-based diagnostics to monitor and track chronic bacterial lung infections.  

Helping communities overcome their health challenges

The results of Karanjia’s research with Bean can help patients with cystic fibrosis and even astronauts who are at risk for lung infections. Consequently, the ASU NASA Space Grant Program has supported their research.

Through their research efforts, Karanjia and the Bean group are well on their way to their goal of helping the cystic fibrosis community to overcome health challenges.

“Knowing in the end that what you’re doing can affect someone’s life, their family’s lives and all layers of the communities around them makes everything worth it.”

Using bacterial communication as a tool for treatment  

A burst of activity in a person’s lungs signals a battle is coming. A legion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria has taken hold and amassed enough forces to attack. They’ve adapted to the mucous-filled environment and developed the right tactics to communicate with each other; they’re ready to charge.

Karanjia, Bean and the rest of the research team in Bean’s lab are preparing a strategy to sense the oncoming attack. Karanjia studies the bacteria’s phenotypes — observable characteristics resulting from the interaction of an organism’s genetics with its environment. The specific phenotypes she observes are controlled by quorum sensing, or the chemical signals the bacteria use to communicate. P. aeruginosa and its quorum-controlled phenotypes undergo changes as it adapts to its environment in a lung infection.

Investigating how these phenotypes change over the course of a chronic infection, and developing ways to detect the changes, can lead to better treatments.

Karanjia’s primary goal was to measure the amounts of secreted virulence factors, the bacteria’s attack arsenal, in early and late stages of infection, and to identify the underlying genetic changes. She plans to continue this research to better understand how these chronic infection adaptation affect the populations of P. aeruginosa that reside in cystic fibrosis lungs. The work will help researchers better understand how infections progress and, in turn, will better inform treatment options. 

Earning recognition for her multidisciplinary research

In two consecutive weekends of her junior year, Karanjia presented her multidisciplinary research in the poster presentation competitions at the Society of Women Engineers WE 2018 Conference and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Student Conference.

Karanjia won first-place prizes in both competitions, outperforming 20 research finalists at the Society of Women Engineers conference and more than 300 undergraduate chemical engineering students at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers conference.

“With the caliber of students there and the amazing research presented from so many different excelling universities, I think I did pretty OK!” Karanjia said.

Knowing her focus on life sciences would be a little different from the engineering research her peers were presenting, Karanjia used a storytelling approach to explain the microbiological concepts behind it.

“Telling your research as a clear story is the key to a good research presentation,” Karanjia said. “I learned that from Dr. Bean. You need to provide context because others don’t have a background in what you do.”

By telling the story of why her engineering and life sciences multidisciplinary research matters, Karanjia impressed the judges.

Earning both the Society of Women Engineers and American Institute of Chemical Engineers first-place awards is a special accomplishment.

“The fact that she has won two awards for her research posters at two different conferences in the same year is a tremendous accomplishment that definitely makes Ava unique, and we are proud that she is part of GCSPGrand Challenge Scholars Program,” Trowbridge said.

A leader in research and mentoring

Along with being an accomplished researcher, Karanjia takes many opportunities to help her peers be successful — just as her mentors have done for her.

“I personally had really great mentors who helped me narrow down on my passion and research topics, so I wanted to be that resource for other people,” Karanjia said.

In her three years as a Fulton Schools student, Karanjia has participated in multiple mentoring programs of students at different levels of education.

She particularly enjoys helping girls discover they, too, can be scientists and engineers.

Karanjia has led K–12 outreach efforts with Fulton Ambassadors, a group that shows prospective students around the Fulton Schools and gives classroom presentations.

“When I was little, I didn’t have any role models who looked like me,” Karanjia said. “Role models who look like us are super important in getting minorities in STEM.”

She also helps her peers learn about and take advantage of the opportunities that helped her become the accomplished student she is today. Karanjia often shares her experiences — both successful and unsuccessful — to encourage students to pursue opportunities outside their comfort zones.

“Your undergrad education is meant for you to collect experiences, different perspectives and viewpoints of the world around you,” Karanjia said.

Karanjia welcomes first-year Fulton Schools students each summer at the E2 welcome event as a camp counselor.

At the Tooker House residence hall, Karanjia serves as a peer mentor helping connect students with faculty members who share their interests so they can also take advantage of research opportunities.

“Helping others to realize their passions and successes is something that has made my undergrad experience more valuable,” Karanjia said.

Monique Clement

Lead communications specialist, Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering