image title

Mapping the border a 'huge technological undertaking' for ASU professor, students

Border-wall map the work of ASU journalism students, geographical sciences prof.
September 27, 2017

Part of Gannett's epic 'Border Wall' project, it's the most complete and up-to-date map of the US-Mexico boundary in existence

Last week, Gannett Company’s USA Today network of 20 newspapers published a project about the U.S.-Mexico border and what kind of an impact a border wall would have. “The Wall” is the kind of epic project rarely seen in contemporary journalism. One hundred and forty-five people worked together to produce it. Journalists and photographers flew, drove and explored every foot of the nearly 2,000-mile international border.

Part of the package of stories, photos, videos and virtual-reality experiences is an interactive map of the entire border. Click on it, and you can see video as if you’re flying above it. Interesting spots have 360-degree views embedded into them.

The map was the work of a geographic information system (GIS) specialist and three journalism students at Arizona State University. It is now the most complete and up-to-date map of the border in existence.

It was the first journalism project for Shea Lemar, GIS project manager in the SchoolThe School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning is part of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning.

“It was a huge technological undertaking,” Lemar said. “It was just so amazing.”

The project ran from the beginning of May until roughly the end of August.

Lemar and three journalism students from the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication — Greg Walsh, Okechi Apakama and Brendan Walker — started with 40 hours of footage shot from a helicopter, including moments when the chopper circled or left the route to refuel. The helicopter’s camera system tracked the GPS coordinates, and also angles and positions of the camera.

“These poor guys had to go through video second by second,” Lemar said.

“It was a very tedious process,” said Apakama, a junior majoring in journalism and math communications. “We had to get everything right.”

It was typical investigative journalism, which is to say both mind-numbing and meticulous. Between the boredom of data collection and the boredom of video review, it was a challenging project, Lemar said.

“When you’re following 2,000 miles of the border ...” she said.

The students had to learn GIS in a software format that is not user-friendly, and then tell the video people that there was a good 360-degree view possibility at day three, hour 10, minute 26.

“They had to link every second of the video to its location on the map,” Lemar said.

“Once you get into it, it’s a grind,” Apakama said. “There was a lot of video.”

The video had to be synchronized to the map. The map is the most accurate of the border. Google Maps and government maps are a few years out of date.

“It was kind of hard near Texas because the river kept turning,” Walsh said. “There was no wall fence near the border. Sometimes the wall was north (of the border).”

The ASU team members were told it was a big project, but they didn’t realize the scope of it until it was over.

“The three of us were stuck in a room just working on one aspect of it,” Walsh said. “We never actually saw what was behind the screen. The final days — I think it was the 15th of September — we were trouble-shooting it and I got to see the prototype. It was very emotional and powerful to see the whole scope of the project. I got teary-eyed — it was so big. I was really proud and honored to be part of this project.”

“It was a lot of people,” Apakama said. “It was kind of crazy to see everyone coming together for this one thing. ... I didn’t really know it was that enormous. There was a whole other team of people doing stuff.”

Just seeing basic data like fence patterns on a map is eye-opening to a lot of people, Lemar said.

“A hundred feet is like two different worlds,” she said.

The mapping shows that despite years of construction and more than $2 billion, much of the border is not fenced.

Top photo: The border wall near Douglas, Arizona. Photo courtesy of ASU Herberger Institute for the Design and the Arts

Scott Seckel

Reporter , ASU News


image title

ASU professor says to expect football to take on new narrative

September 27, 2017

Politics, risk of brain injury and critical news coverage could all have lasting effect on NFL and the sport's popularity

It used to be that the most controversial issue at an NFL game was a ref’s call or a late hit on a quarterback.

These days it’s politics and violence (on field and off), concussions and the risk of brain damage, and taking a knee during the national anthem. Each of these issues are testing the mettle and mind-set of millions of sports fans.

Is pro football, considered the nation’s most popular sport, heading for decline, or is the narrative simply changing?

For answers, we turned to Emmy-winning producer Brett Kurland, who is the director of the Phoenix Sports Bureau of Cronkite News and a professor of practice at Arizona State University's Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication.

Question: The last days have seen the president criticizing the NFL and its players, as well as NFL owners and players pushing back. Do you see a lingering effect throughout this season? Do you anticipate a longer-term effect from this conflict?

Answer: When people involved in sports discuss issues away from the field of play, a refrain from some fans has been some form of “Stay in your lane and stick to sports.” I think we are now at a point where “sticking to sports” is permanently a thing of the past. With the combination of the ever-increasing popularity of athletes and the direct-to-fan platforms they now have, and with everything from Twitter to The Players Tribune, athletes have the capability to draw significant attention to issues that people might not otherwise follow.

In terms of longevity, it’s always hard to predict the narrative at the rate the news cycle turns nowadays. President Trump has been tweeting about the anthem protests; the news networks have been running story after story about it. But I’m curious to see how it plays out in other sports. For example, in baseball the national anthem historically has always been a spectacle at the World Series, with major recording artists singing before each game. What’s that going to look like? How does this develop? Will it have a lingering effect? I’m not really sure.

Q: This follows a growing body of evidence detailing the risks of brain injury and the long-term consequences of concussions and other injuries. Do you expect this will decrease support for the sport, both from participants and fans?

A: If you look at youth tackle-football participation, those numbers are down. If fewer young kids are playing football now, what happens when that generation comes of age to play the sport at the collegiate and NFL levels? What will the talent level be like? What will it look like in 10 to 15 years?

I believe the rules will continue to evolve as the league continues to develop more ways to protect players. But how will that change the game in the long run? When my kids are my age, what’s the sport going to look like? It’s a big question. Remember, there was a time when boxing and horse racing were among the big sports in this country. So will the NFL be on top forever? There are no guarantees, but it’s still very successful now.

Q: Is this part of an evolving trajectory in which football faces declining viewership — or will the impact be more fleeting?

A: The top-rated program on television by far each year is the Super Bowl. It is a cultural event. That said, football definitely has some challenges, first and foremost being the headlines surrounding chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and concussions. In a study released over the summer, 99 percent of the brains of deceased NFL players that were donated for research were found to have CTE.

Just last week the news came out that Aaron Hernandez, the former New England Patriot who was convicted of murder and committed suicide while in prison, had severe CTE. He was young — only 27 — and he had only played in the NFL for three years. I think that’s a big wakeup call for a lot of young people.

Q: How quickly do you expect to see a shift? Will it affect all levels?

A: There already has been a shift in youth participation. High school participation is down as well. A recent study showed that kids who started playing tackle football before the age of 12 are more likely to develop cognitive and behavioral problems than kids who start later.

The big question is, what does it all mean? If participation is down and there’s evidence of brain injuries as a result of football, how does the sport evolve and stem the tide? The NFL by and large is still incredibly popular. NFL teams usually sell out their stadiums. Football regularly pulls in big ratings. I think it’s a longer arc. I don’t see it fading anytime soon.

Top photo courtesy of Pixabay