Arizona State University's School of Public Affairs is helping the city of Phoenix improve its impact on the environment by suggesting ways to make better eco-friendly purchasing decisions.
A half-dozen faculty members and researchers conducted focus group interviews with city procurement specialists. These interviews helped identify barriers that had prevented the city’s Environmental Procurement Policy from being implemented. The city policy sets the scope and procedures for purchasing products and services that have a reduced effect on human health and the environment. The goal is to utilize sustainable products and services while remaining fiscally responsible.
ASU researchers identified complex organizational barriers in how purchasing is managed across city departments. They also found trade-offs between purchasing criteria that compete with greener, more eco-friendly options.
“Phoenix appreciates the partnership with ASU on this study and the thoughtful analysis and recommendations received,” said Joe Giudice, the city’s environmental programs manager. “Phoenix will use the feedback to improve the city’s sustainable purchasing program and advance the city’s 2050 environmental sustainability goals. The research data will help develop a holistic program that engages the city’s buyers to increase green purchasing.”
The ASU researchers provided eight recommendations to the city:
Form an Environmental Procurement Policy team
Include the city’s director of Office of Environmental Programs in strategic planning
Connect with professionals in other cities that have policy teams to determine best practices
Implement training on green procurement to create a shared vision
Link the city’s e-procurement system with green purchasing options
Use life cycle assessment to determine long-run costs
Create a mayoral directive on environmental preferred purchasing
Create city-level incentives at both the department and individual level to encourage green purchasing
The pro bono work by professors is part of a broader, collaborative approach by ASU’s Center for Organization Research and Design, a unit within the School of Public Affairs. The center promotes, supports and conducts high-impact, use-inspired organization design research.
“By engaging city officials, our team was able to address one of the city's concerns — how it can further integrate environmental considerations into its purchasing processes,” said professor and principal investigator Nicole Darnall. “At the same time, we developed a better understanding about sustainable procurement, advanced our research ideas, and engaged teams of graduate students in project-based learning. This project created wins for everyone.”
The research project was undertaken by Darnall, professor Stuart Bretschneider, assistant professor Lily Hsueh, assistant professor Justin Stritch, postdoctoral researcher Melissa Duscha and graduate research assistant Jeffrey Iles.
Written by Bryce Newberry
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