NIH supports ASU research to help in fight against kidney disease

June 7, 2012

Research led by an Arizona State University biomedical engineer and physicist to find more effective ways of detecting the onset of kidney disease is getting support from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

The NIH has awarded $400,000 to Kevin Bennett, an assistant professor of the School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, one of ASU’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering. Kevin Bennett biomedical lab Download Full Image

The grant will support his team’s research focusing on a common form of kidney disease called nephritis.

“A significant portion of the diabetic population and others will develop kidney disease. The earlier we can detect it, the more likely it is that we can effectively treat it,” Bennett says.

The current method of identifying kidney disease is to perform a biopsy, which can be painful for patients and prone to errors. Bennett is working on a method using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology that involves magnetic particles.

Revealing images

His team has engineered magnetic nanoparticles that stick to the glomerulus, a part of the kidney that is attached to the nephron. The nephron is a part of the kidney that regulates the level of water and soluble substances in the blood.

By doing an MRI scan on a kidney onto which magnetic nanoparticles have been bound, it creates a visible distortion in the image that enables researchers to extract information about the nephron.

The distortions in such images enable nephrons to be accurately located, their size can be determined and changes in their behavior can be revealed. “If we can detect changes in nephron function early, patients can be treated earlier and with better results,” Bennett says.  

Another application of the research is in examination of the relationship between the number of nephrons and the risk of cardiovascular and kidney diseases in humans, which is currently done by taking sections of body tissue.

Researchers are also looking at how nanoparticle uptake in the kidneys is affected by diabetes and the strain nanoparticle uptake puts on the kidneys.

“We are doing this with noninvasive imaging. We are developing ways to detect all of this without having to do biopsies or collect body tissue,” Bennett explains.

Developing better nanoparticles

Bennett’s team includes: professor Teresa Wu, an industrial engineer and an associate professor in the School of Computing, Informatics, and Decision Systems Engineering in the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering; Min Zhang, a doctoral student working under Wu; professor John Bertam, head of Anatomy and Developmental Biology at Monash University in Australia; and Scott Beeman, a biomedical engineering doctoral student working in Bennett’s laboratory.

Beeman has taken a lead role in the kidney research project and recently presented a progress report at a meeting of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance Medicine in Melbourne, Australia.

“It's rare that a Ph.D. student can push a whole field of research forward, but that's what Scott has done,” Bennett says.

The team is already in the preclinical stage of research. “We are moving the technique to clinical trials, and we have already developed better nanoparticles and more sensitive ways to detect them.”

The next step will be working with human donor kidneys.

The research is being performed at the Center for Preclinical Imaging, established through a collaboration between the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering and the Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical Center in Phoenix.  The imaging center houses the first – and still only – preclinical MRI technology in the greater Phoenix area.

Successful collaboration

The kidney research “is only one of many important projects that have been supported by the investment” in the center, Bennett says.

The Center for Preclinical Imaging was established with support from ASU research administration officials and the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering dean’s office, along with Barrow Neurological Institute administrator Ron Lukas and Joan Shapiro, past vice president for research at the institute.

The support of professor Marco Santello, director of ASU’s School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, as well as that of James Pipe and Mark Preul, both adjunct faculty members in the school, has also been instrumental in the center’s success.

Bennett gives special credit to Pipe, the director of Neuroimaging Research at the Keller Center for Imaging Innovation at the Barrow Neurological Institute.

“We could not have built this facility without the partnership with Jim Pipe, who continues to be recognized for his groundbreaking research," Bennett says.

Bennett is on the imaging center's administrative board, along with Pipe and Barrow institute professor and administrator Gregory Turner, who manages the imaging facility.

Written by Natalie Pierce and Joe Kullman

Joe Kullman

Science writer, Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering


Sun Devils conclude first day at NCAA T&F Championships

June 7, 2012


Anna Jelmini took second place in the women’s discus and the Arizona State University track and field team finished up the first day of competition at the 2012 NCAA Championships on Wednesday in Des Moines, Iowa.  Download Full Image

Jelmini posted a best throw of 58.79m (192-10) on her first throw of the competition and it looked like that would be enough.  But San Diego State’s Whitney Ashley launched her fifth throw 59.99m (196-10) – a career best by over three meters – to surpass Jelmini and hold on for the win.

Jelmini earned eight points towards the Sun Devils’ team cause with the finish, which was the second runner-up placement in a row for the sophomore after finishing in second at last year's NCAA Championships as well.  With the eight points, Jelmini will earn USTFCCCA first-team All-America accolades. 

In other events on Wednesday, the ASU women’s 4x100-meter relay of Asiah Gooden, Keia Pinnick, Alycia Herring and Kayla Sanchez took 16th-place overall in the semifinals in 44.84 to earn second-team All-America accolades.  The team did not, however, advance to Saturday’s final. 

In the final event of the day, senior Chris Benard was also 16th overall in the men’s long jump competition with a best jump of 7.39m (24-3) to earn second team All-America honors himself.

The Sun Devils will resume action tomorrow at Drake Stadium with Keia Pinnick leading the day off in the heptathlon, set to begin at 1 p.m. CST.  For a complete recap of the day’s action, check back at at the conclusion of tomorrow’s events.