Book encourages research collaboration across specialties

May 11, 2010

Advances in research methods within the social sciences have led to debates over which method is best suited for particular projects, and have also caused researchers to become isolated.

The new book "Working Together: Collective Action, the Commons, and Multiple Methods in Practice," published">">published by the Princeton University Press, examines the advantages that can be gained from drawing on several different research methods and the challenges of a multi-methods approach. Download Full Image

Co-author and Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom, founding director of Arizona State University's Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, explains that right now in the social sciences there is a "'my method is better than yours, my discipline is better than yours mentality, which is destructive."

Ostrom, along with co-authors Marco Janssen, an assistant professor in ASU's School of Human Evolution and Social Change in the" target="_blank">College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Amy Poteete, assistant professor of political science at Concordia University, Montreal, look at how different methods have promoted various theoretical developments, and they demonstrate the importance of cross-fertilization involving multi-methods research across traditional boundaries.

The book looks at why cross-fertilization is difficult to achieve, as well as ways to overcome these challenges through collaboration.

"It isn't realistic to think a single researcher can master all the different research methods used today," said Poteete. "By looking at a single body of research at different stages and different points you see how these methods complement each other, which I hope will encourage people to collaborate when opportunities become available."

Poteete added that collaboration won't be easy because of institutional problems at universities and funding organizations that encourage people to work in "silos." She said the book can lead to these institutions making changes and updating funding criteria so researchers are actually awarded for collaborating.

The book provides numerous examples of collaborative, multi-methods research related to collective action and the commons. It examines the pros and cons of case studies, meta-analyses, large-N field research, experiments and modeling and agent-based models, and it looks at how these methods contribute to research on collective action for the management of natural resources.

In addition, "Working Together" outlines a revised theory of collective action that includes three elements: individual decision making, microsituational conditions and features of the broader social-ecological context.

"Many researchers limit the questions they ask by the methods they are trained in. In the book we encourage them to define questions first and then decide on the appropriate methods to use to address those questions," said Janssen, associate director of Arizona State University's Center">">Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity. "If we want to make progress in answering the big picture questions we need to not limit ourselves to specific methods we have been trained in."

Janssen added that new tools, new software and new technologies are rapidly changing, so it is essential for researchers to not only keep up-to-date with these changes but to familiarize and expose themselves and their students to many of the research methods available.

In 2004, Ostrom asked Janssen and Poteete, who worked with her as post-docs at Indiana University, to partner with her on the book. She recognized that their work and skill sets were complementary.

Ostrom has a strong background in research relating to the governance of common pool resources; Poteete's specialty is in natural resource management and research methodology; and Janssen's expertise is in agent-based modeling and experiments.

"'Working Together' turned out to be a great title for our successful effort to 'work together,'" said Ostrom, also a professor of political science in Indiana University's College of Arts and Sciences. "We have all been interested in a similar set of questions about how to solve collective-action problems related to common-pool resources, but we each bring a different set of tools to the enterprise. Having worked with Janssen and Poteete on several earlier projects, I thought the three of us could really build on that foundation for a book. It turned out to be a major effort, but well worth it."

Scott Southward, scott.southward">">

Men's golf enters regional competition

May 11, 2010

The Arizona State University men's golf team (#14 Golfweek/#9 Golfstat) will hit the road for NCAA Regional action May 20-22 in Atlanta at the Capital City Club. Three of the six regionals will have fields of 13 teams and 10 individuals, with the other three consisting of 14 teams and five individuals each for a total of 75 players at each site. The top five teams and the top individual not on an advancing team will qualify from each regional site for the NCAA Division I Men's Championship (113th annual) at The Honors Course in Chattanooga, Tenn., with Tennessee-Chattanooga serving as host.

Capital City Club, Crabapple - Atlanta, Georgia
Hosted by the Georgia Institute of Technology Download Full Image

Teams (seeded in the following order):
1. Oklahoma State (Big 12 Conference champion)
2. Arizona State
3. Georgia Tech (Atlantic Coast Conference champion)
4. Clemson
5. Arkansas
6. Wake Forest
7. Mississippi
8. Furman (Southern Conference champion)
9. Brigham Young
10. Georgia Southern
11. Coastal Carolina (Big South Conference champion)
12. South Alabama (Sun Belt Conference champion)
13. Towson (Colonial Athletic Association champion)

2010 NCAA Men's Golf Regional Sites (May 20-22)
Capital City Club - Alpharetta, Georgia (Georgia Tech)
The Warren Golf Course - Notre Dame, Indiana (Notre Dame)
Carlton Oaks Golf Course - San Diego, California (San Diego State)
Traditions Club - College Station, Texas (Texas A&M)
Gold Mountain Golf Club - Bremerton, Washington (Washington)
The Yale University Golf Course - New Haven, Conn. (Yale)

NCAA Men's Golf Championship format
The 2010 NCAA Men's Golf Championships run June 1-6 as the finals have a format that was adopted last year, with the final eight teams after 54 holes facing off in match play to determine the national champion. The individual winner is crowned after 54 holes instead of 72 as in past years. Texas A&M won the team title last year.

Updated regional streak
Counting its appearance in the 22 years a NCAA Regional has been staged (1989-2010), ASU has made 27 straight NCAA Tournament appearances, the sixth-longest active streak in the nation. ASU has advanced to the NCAA Championship (finals) 25 of the past 26 seasons (1984-2009), missing only in 2002, and in 44 of the past 46 seasons (1964-2009), missing prior to 2002 in 1983.

Longest active NCAA postseason streaks
Oklahoma State, 1947-10, 64
USC, 1973-10, 38
Texas, 1978-10, 33
Clemson, 1982-10, 29
Arizona State, 1984-10, 27
Georgia Tech, 1985-10, 26
*Note: List includes NCAA Championship prior to 1989 and reaching at least NCAA Regionals from 1989-present.

ASU in the regionals
With the victories by both the team and Jesper">">... Kennegard at the 2009 West Regional, ASU has won or tied for the title in a NCAA Regional six times. ASU tied with Arizona in 1991 and tied with New Mexico in 1998. It won the title outright in 1995, 1999, 2001 and 2009. Sun Devil Paul">">Paul Casey won the 1998 individual title outright followed by Jeff">">Jeff Quinney (1999), Benjamin"> Alvarado Holley (2007) and then Jesper">">... Kennegard this season. Matt">">Matt Jones shared medalist honors in 2001.

The Sun Devils have won two NCAA titles, in 1990 under coach and 2002 ASU Hall of Fame inductee Steve">">Steve Loy, and in 1996 under current head coach and 2008 National Golf Coaches Hall of Fame inductee Randy">">Randy Lein. What is good to know is that in 1996, the team won the NCAA at the Honors Course in Tennessee. That is the site of the this year's NCAA Championships.

Here is the expected regional lineup for the Sun Devils:
1. Jesper">">... Kennegard
2. Knut">">Knut Borsheim
3. Scott">">Scott Pinckney
4. James">">James Byrne
5. Braxton">">B... Marquez

In the past 17 seasons (since Randy">">Randy Lein took over at ASU) 12 different team champions have been crowned and Lein is the only coach to have two individual champions in that time (freshman Alejandro"> Canizares in 2003 and Todd Demsey in 1993). ASU also has finished in the top six nine times in those 17 years and has qualified for the NCAA Championships in 25 of the past 26 seasons, missing only in 2002, including each of the past seven seasons, tied for the fourth-best mark in the nation in that time.

Randy">">Randy Lein, who was inducted into the NGCA Hall of Fame in January of 2009, notched the top team accolade in collegiate golf in 1995-96 - the NCAA title - to his collection as the Sun Devils won the title in Chattanooga, Tenn., with a three-stroke victory over UNLV at the Honors Course. In his 18th season as ASU's coach, Lein has guided ASU to 43 tournament victories (including a school record six in 1995-96), eight Pac-10 titles, five NCAA West Regional wins and 10 top-10 finishes at the NCAAs including the 1996 title. In addition, Lein has tutored NCAA medalists Todd Demsey (1994) and Alejandro"> Canizares (2003) and 18 All-Americans (39 occasions): Todd Demsey (3), Chris Hanell (3), Paul">">Paul Casey (3), Cade Stone, Chris Stutts, Joey Snyder (2), Scott Johnson (2), Darren Angel (2), Jeff">">Jeff Quinney (3), Matt">">Matt Jones (2), Chez">">Chez Reavie (3), Alejandro"> Canizares (4), Niklas">">Niklas Lemke (3), Benjamin"> Alvarado Holley (2), Jesper">">... Kennegard (2), Scott">">Scott Pinckney, Knut">">Knut Borsheim and Stephan">">Ste... Gross. He has won Pac-10 Coach-of-the-Year five times (1993, 1995, 1996, 1999 and 2000) while at ASU and twice at USC (1980 and 1986). Lein (pronounced "Line") is a 1975 graduate of Cal State Northridge.

ASU has made the NCAA Championship in the past seven seasons and in 16 of 17 seasons under Randy">">Randy Lein, but it sure isn't getting easier with the 30-team, three-round regional format. Using Golfweek's rankings prior to the 2009 NCAA Championship, nine top 30 teams did not go to the NCAA Championships last season, a list that included seventh-ranked Clemson, No. 18 LSU, No. 21 Indiana, No. 23 UNLV, No. 24 NC State, No. 25 San Diego State, No. 28 Ole Miss, No. 29 Colorado State and No. 30 Florida State.

Of the 30 teams that made the 2009 NCAA Championships, only 15 played in the 2008 championship: UCLA, Stanford, USC, Oklahoma State, Washington, Georgia, Florida, Texas A&M, Alabama, Arizona State, Illinois, Texas, Wake Forest and Oregon.

Back in 2002, Randy">">Randy Lein saw ASU's 18-year NCAA championship consecutive streak snapped in a season that had injuries and bad luck. ASU is back in the saddle with seven straight, and to show you how competitive the NCAA men's golf championships is, that streak already is tied for the sixth-best active streak, as Arizona (1987-2007) had a 21-year streak snapped in 2008 after failing to post a .500 record and not make regionals, while Georgia Tech did not qualify out of regional action in 2008 after making the NCAAs for 10 straight years (1998-2007). Only six teams have made the NCAAs in each of the past five seasons.

1. Oklahoma State, 1947-2009, 63
2. Georgia, 1998-2009, 12
3. Florida, 2001-2009, 9
T4. Arizona State, 2003-2009, 7
T4. UCLA, 2003-2009, 7
6. Wake Forest, 2005-2009, 5

ASU has had four NCAA medalists on six occasions: Jim Carter (1983), Phil">">Phil Mickelson (1989, 1990, 1992), Todd Demsey (1993) and Alejandro"> Canizares (2003). Other Pac-10 winners include: Frank Tatum Jr. of Stanford (1942), Scott Simpson of USC (1976 and 1977), Ron Commans of USC (1981), Tiger Woods of Stanford (1996), James Lepp of Washington (2005), Jamie Lovemark of USC (2007) and Kevin Chappell of UCLA (2008).

TOP 10
Coach Lein's 10 top-10 NCAA finishes in his 17 years (2010 is his 18th season) is second only to Clemson and Oklahoma State for the most in that span. In that time, there have been 12 different NCAA team champions, while ASU and Oklahoma State are the only schools to have two NCAA medalists in his 17 years. ASU has finished in the top six nine times under Randy">">Randy Lein.

ASU has finished first (1996), fourth (1995), fifth (1998 and 1999), tied for fifth (1997 and 2009), sixth (1993, 2001 and 2003), tied for ninth (1994), tied for 11th (2005), tied for 17th (2008), tied for 18th (2007), tied for 21st (2004) and tied for 25th (2001) under 18th-year coach Randy">">Randy Lein in the NCAA Championship.

Jesper">">... Kennegard (So.), T9th, 2009, Toledo, Ohio
Alejandro"> Canizares (Fr.), 1st, 2003, Stillwater, Okla.
Chez">">Chez Reavie (Jr.), 9th, 2003, Stillwater, Okla.
Chez">">Chez Reavie (Fr.), T4th, 2001, Durham, N.C.
Paul">">Paul Casey (So.), 4th, 1999, Chaska, Minn.
Darren Angel (Jr.), T7th, 1998, Albuquerque, N.M.
Scott Johnson (Sr.), T10th, 1997, Chicago, Ill.
Chris Hanell (Sr.), T10th, 1997, Chicago, Ill.
Darren Angel (Fr.), T3rd, 1996, Chattanooga, Tenn.
Joey Snyder (Jr.), T5th, 1995, Columbus, Ohio
Scott Johnson (So.), T8th, 1995, Columbus, Ohio
Todd Demsey (Jr.), T7th, 1994, Dallas, Texas
Chris Hanell (Fr.), T10th, 1994, Dallas, Texas
Todd Demsey (So.), 1st, 1993, Lexington, Ky.

Pac-10 teams ASU (1996), Cal (2004), Stanford (2007 and 1994) and UCLA (2008) have won NCAA men's golf titles in the past 17 years. Other Pac-10 teams to win the title are: Stanford (1938, 1939, 1941, 1942, 1946, 1953), UCLA (1988) and Arizona (1992).

The NCAA does not keep stroke averages as official records, but research has come up with the following that will have to suffice as the top 15 single-season stroke averages in NCAA history through the 2008-2009 season.

1. Bill Haas, Wake Forest, 2003-2004, 68.93
2. Ryan Moore, UNLV, 2004-2005, 69.29
3. Ryan Moore, UNLV, 2003-2004, 69.38
4. Bryce Molder, Georgia Tech, 2000-2001, 69.43
5. Troy Merritt, Boise State, 2007-2008, 69.53
6. Charles Howell, Okla. St., 1999-2000, 69.57
7. Chris Nallen, Arizona, 2003-2004, 69.79
8. Daniel Summerhays, BYU, 2006-2007, 69.83
T9. Graeme McDowell, UAB, 2001-2002, 69.87
T9. Paul">">Paul Casey, Arizona St., 1999-2000, 69.87
11. Nick Watney, Fresno St., 2002-2003, 69.93
T12. Spencer Levin, New Mexico, 2004-2005, 69.95
T12. Phil">">Phil Mickelson, Arizona St., 1991-1992, 69.95
14. Mike Van Sickle, Marquette, 2008-2009, 70.00
15. Niklas">">Niklas Lemke, Arizona St., 2006-2007, 70.03

Yale, 13 NCAA champions, Tom Aycock, 1929
Harvard, 8, J.W. Hubbell, 1916
Houston, 8, Billy Ray Brown, 1982
Oklahoma State, 8, Jonathan Moore, 2007
Princeton, 7, G.T. Dunlap, 1931
Arizona State, 6, Alejandro"> Canizares, 2003
Texas, 6, Justin Leonard, 1994
Ohio State, 5, Clark Burroughs, 1985
USC, 4, Jamie Lovemark, 2007

ASU has made 16 NCAA Championship appearances in Randy">">Randy Lein's 17 years (1993-2009), tied for the second-best mark in the nation. Oklahoma State leads the way with 17, while Arizona and Florida also have 16 in that time. Clemson, Georgia Tech and Wake Forest have 14 each. North Carolina and Texas have made it 13 times, while Auburn, Georgia, New Mexico and UNLV have done it a dozen times. UCLA is next with 11 appeareances.

ASU is the only school to win both the men's and women's golf titles in the same season (1990).

Randy">">Randy Lein has finished in the top ten at the NCAA Championship 10 times in his 17 years at ASU entering 2009-10, behind only Oklahoma State (12) and Clemson (11).

NCAA TOP-10 FINISHES (1993-2009)
School (National Titles), NCAA Top 10 Finishes
1. Oklahoma State (1995, 2000, 2006), 12
2. Clemson (2003), 11
T3. Arizona State (1996), 10
T3. Georgia Tech, 10
5. Florida (1993, 2001), 8
T6. Texas, 7
T6. Georgia, 7
T6. UNLV (1998), 7
T9. Arizona (1992), 6
T9. UCLA (2008), 6

Coach Randy">">Randy Lein has finished in the top five at the NCAA Championship six times in his 17 years entering 2009-10, behind only Oklahoma State (10), Georgia Tech (seven) and Clemson (seven) in that time. Texas also has six top-five finishes, while Stanford, Georgia and Florida have five each.

Forty six players have earned their undergraduate degrees under 17th-year head coach Randy">">Randy Lein including former All-Americans such as Alejandro"> Canizares (B.I.S., Landscape Architecture/Sociology in 2006 and 2003 NCAA champion), Todd Demsey (B.A., Psychology in 1995 and 1993 NCAA Champion) and Jeff">">Jeff Quinney (B.S. Finance in 2002 and 2000 U.S. Amateur Champion).

2007-Jamie Lovemark, USC
2006-Jonathan Moore, Oklahoma State
2003-Alejandro Canizares, Arizona State
1998-James McLean, Minnesota
1989-Phil Mickelson, Arizona State
1982-Billy Ray Brown, Houston
1974-Curtis Strange, Wake Forest
1971-Ben Crenshaw, Texas

Olympia Fields Invitational, Chicago, Ill. (September 18-20, 2009)
NCAA West Regional, Daly City, Calif. (May 14-16, 2009)
ASU Thunderbird Invitational, Tempe, Ariz. (April 10-11, 2009)
Bill Cullum Invitational, Simi Valley, Calif. (Oct. 27-28, 2008)
UH Hilo Intercollegiate, Waikoloa, Hawaii (February 6-8, 2008)
National Invitational, Tucson, Ariz. (April 2-3, 2007)
ASU Thunderbird Invite, Tempe, Ariz. (April 11-12, 2003)
Tucker Intercollegiate, Albuquerque, N.M. (September 12-13, 2003)
National Invite Tournament, Tucson, Ariz. (March 30-April 1, 2003)
UNLV Championship, Las Vegas, Nev. (March 7-9, 2003)
ASU Thunderbird Invite, Tempe, Ariz. (April 12-13, 2002)
NCAA West Regional, Corvallis, Ore. (May 17-19, 2001)
Pacific-10 Championship, Tempe, Ariz. (April 24-26, 2001)
ASU Thunderbird/ Savane Invite, Tempe. Ariz. (April 13-14, 2001)
USC Southwestern Classic, Westlake Village, Calif. (March 5-6, 2001)
ASU Thunderbird/Savane Invite, Tempe, Ariz. (Apr. 15-16, 2000)
Las Vegas Intercollegiate, Las Vegas, Nev. (March 10-12, 2000)
USC Southwestern Classic, Westlake Village, Calif. (February 28-March 1, 2000)
NCAA West Regional, Tucson, Ariz. (May 19-22, 1999)
Pacific-10 Championship, Seattle, Wash. (April 25-28, 1999)
ASU Thunderbird/Savane Invite, Tempe, Ariz. (April 16-18, 1999)
NCAA West Regional, Tempe, Ariz. (May 14-16, 1998)
Pacific-10 Championship, Berkeley, Calif. (April, 26-29, 1998)
USC Southwestern Invite, Los Angeles, Calif. (March 22-24, 1998)
Pacific-10 Championship, Eugene, Ore. (May 5-7, 1997)
ASU Thunderbird/Savane Invite, Tempe, Ariz. (April 19-20, 1997)
NCAA Championship, Chattanooga, Tenn. (May. 29-June 1, 1996)
Pacific-10 Championship, Los Angeles, Calif. (April 29-May 1, 1996)
ASU Thunderbird Invite, Tempe, Ariz. (April 12-13, 1996)
Southwestern Invitational, Los Angeles, Calif. (March 25-26, 1996)
Jerry Pate Invitational, Birmingham, Ala. (October 21-24, 1995)
Ping Preview, Cornelius, Ore. (September 15-17, 1995)
NCAA West Region, Albuquerque, N.M. (May 17-19, 1995)
Pacific-10 Championship, Richland, Wash. (May 1-3, 1995)
Mauna Kea Invitational, Kohala Coast, Hawaii (February 14-16, 1995)
The Perry Maxwell, Ardmore, Okla. (May 14-15, 1994)
U.S. Intercollegiate, Stanford, Calif. (April 23-24, 1994)
ASU Thunderbird Invitational, Tempe, Ariz. (April 15-16, 1994)
Oregon Invitational, Eugene, Ore. (March 7-8, 1994)
Taylor Made/Big Island Intercollegiate, Waikolo, Hawaii (February 19-21, 1994)
Pacific-10 Championship, Santa Barbara, Calif. (April 26-28, 1993)
Southwestern Intercollegiate, Westlake Village, Calif. (April 5-6, 1993)
Pacific Coast Intercollegiate, Santa Barbara, Calif. (March 24-25, 1993)
Ping Preview, Lexington, Ky. (October 2-3, 1992)