ASU's Archambault receives accolades for K-12 online education research

June 9, 2011

The modern classroom might not be a classroom at all. More and more classes are being taken online—even science classes requiring a lab. A small team of researchers including Arizona State University’s Leanna Archambault examined using laboratory activities in teaching science online and earned an international award as online innovators for their work.

Archambault, a Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College assistant professor specializing in K-12 online education, has long studied the role of technology in education – an area that is becoming increasingly important as many education institutions begin shifting content to non-traditional mediums such as the Internet. This area has become so important, in fact, that the International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL) has focused for the last three years on ways in which teachers and administrators are able to improve the quality and accessibility of online education. Download Full Image

Each year, iNACOL recognizes outstanding achievement in five different areas as part of its Online Innovator Awards, and in 2010, Archambault had the unique distinction of being part of a small team of researchers to be given the Important Research by an Individual, Team or Organization award. The team's study "Examining the Use of Laboratory Activities in Teaching Science in an Online Environment" analyzed and evaluated the effectiveness of this strategy. Archambault and her peers who were also recognized for various achievements were hailed by the president and CEO of iNACOL, Susan Patrick, as helping pave the way for non-traditional educational methods.

"We are grateful for the efforts of all of the pioneers in the field of online and blended learning," Patrick said. "The innovators recognized today are building new school models in K-12 education with tremendous promise for transforming education for students.”

The research conducted by Archambault and her team was the first of its kind to evaluate the specific practice of teaching online science classes with a laboratory component. Such research is the focus of Archambault's studies, centered around online learning and improving student achievement through better practices. Her courses for teaching students at ASU emphasize these ideals, and Archambault incorporates her knowledge of technology and education to encourage educators to utilize these tools to promote student learning.

An interesting trend she has noticed in her own classroom is a contrast to the myth concerning technology use being related to generations in terms of a willingness to adopt online teaching methods.

"I have seen this in my classes as a number of non-traditional students are interested in getting into the field of online teaching. I’ve also witnessed how young teachers, considered to be “digital natives, ” use technology in their personal lives, but are ill-equipped for the challenges of the 21st century classroom," Archambault notes the disparity between being able to use technology for one’s own productivity  versus implementing  it "to leverage its affordances for teaching content to students."

In addition to teaching a variety of courses at ASU, Archambault is also currently conducting research on field experience placements in virtual school environments and editing a book on mentoring teachers in K-12 online teaching positions.

Archambault emphasizes that online learning is not for everyone, and while some students benefit from the "inherent flexibility" and ability to move through curriculum at one's own desired pace, others struggle with its format. This opens the door for many misunderstandings, which have created some resistance to expanding online educational opportunities.

While she understands that many people are apprehensive about online learning, Archambault believes that more knowledge of the current system and the direction education is moving can help combat some of the stigmatization surrounding virtual classroom settings.

"I think more awareness is needed, and this can come from a variety of sources, through additional research in the area, as well as teachers themselves taking quality online courses and experiencing them as students. Teachers are beginning to realize that there are key advantages of extending their school day using a blended approach—recognizing that online learning is not going away and that it represents the future of 21st century education."

ASU’s Mary">">Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College offers a range of challenging undergraduate and graduate education programs that prepare highly qualified and successful teachers, leaders and researchers at all four ASU campuses, school districts statewide and online.

Story by Lauren Proper

Research compares seizure treatments for children with autism

June 9, 2011

Physicians will have a better guide for more effectively managing treatment of children experiencing seizures related to autism with the results of a study by researchers at Arizona State University and the University of Texas-Houston.

From 25 to 35 percent of people with autism will eventually experience full-scale seizures.  Many others will have seizure-like brain activity, in which there is no obvious effect on muscles but potential effects on brain functioning, such as temporary loss of attention.

Little has been known about which traditional treatments for epileptic seizures and commonly used non-traditional alternative treatments are most effective for treating seizures or epilepsy specifically in children and adults with autism.
The new study provides insight into which treatments are most beneficial in such cases, says James Adams, a professor in the School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, one the ASU’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering.

Adams conducted the research with Richard E. Frye, a physician specializing in child and behavioral neurology in the Department of Pediatrics at UT-Houston.

The complete study is published in the medical journal BMC Pediatrics, and is available" target="_blank">online.

Adams says the study “suggests that several non-traditional treatments, such as special diets – ketogenic, Atkins, and gluten-free, casein-free diets, in particular – are worth further investigation as supportive treatments”  for managing the health of people with autism who suffer from seizures.

Adams and Frye surveyed 733 parents whose children with autism experience seizures, epilepsy and/or seizure-like brain activity. They asked parents to rate the effectiveness of 25 traditional and 20 non-traditional medical treatments for seizures.

The survey also assessed the effects – and side-effects – of those treatments. Overall, antiepileptic drugs were reported by parents to reduce the occurrence and severity of seizures but worsened problems with sleep, communication, behavior, attention and mood.

Non-antiepileptic drugs were perceived to improve other symptoms but did not reduce occurrence of seizures or make them less severe to the same extent as the anti-epileptic drugs.

Four anti-epileptic drugs – valproic acid, lamotrigine, levetiracetam and ethosuximide – were reported to most often reduce the number or lessen the severity of seizures, and on average have little positive or negative effect on other symptoms of autism.

Certain traditional non-anti-epileptic drug treatments, particularly the ketogenic diet, were perceived to both lessen the number and reduce the severity of seizures and other symptoms.

Media contact:
Joe">">Joe Kullman
(480) 965-8122
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Britt Lewis

Communications Specialist, ASU Library