ASU Fulbright winner to study Mars meteorite at premier India institute

May 6, 2015

Wherever there is water on Earth, scientists have found life. So water on Mars offers a tantalizing possibility of extraterrestrial life. 

Digging deeper into the history of water on the Red Planet will be the focus of ASU cosmochemist Meenakshi Wadhwa’s research with India’s premier research institute for the space sciences, a collaboration made possible by her Fulbright Award. Meenakshi Wadhwa Download Full Image

Wadhwa’s research will involve studies of a unique Mars meteorite, one with the most amount of water of any of the known Martian meteorites.

Her Fulbright-Nehru Academic and Professional Excellence Award will enable her to spend four months in 2016 at the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad, India.

“It is my hope that my collaborative research at India’s Physical Research Laboratory will open future opportunities for my students and postdoctoral researchers — and possibly even others more broadly in SESE — to collaborate with students and researchers there,” says Wadhwa, a professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration and the director of the Center for Meteorite Studies.

Relying on a technique known as isotope analysis to measure the ratios of isotopes (which are two or more forms of the same element that contain different numbers of neutrons), Wadhwa has made significant contributions to our understanding of processes involved in the evolution of our solar system.

During her time in India, Wadhwa will be working with students and colleagues at the Physical Research Laboratory to understand the history of water on Mars based on studies of meteorite NWA 7034, also known as “Black Beauty.” 

“We have only just begun our investigations of this meteorite — it was only discovered in 2013, and the Center for Meteorite Studies acquired a slice of it last year,” Wadhwa said.

ASU’s Center for Meteorite Studies holds a 20-gram cut of Black Beauty. The bulk chemical composition of this meteorite closely matches that of the Martian crust.

Using a combination of state-of-the-art analytical facilities at the Physical Research Laboratory and ASU, she will be developing methods for precise analyses of the abundance and isotope composition of water in the fine-grained minerals in this Mars rock, thought to have formed as surface regolith – the layer of loose material covering bedrock ­– on that planet.

Wadhwa also hopes to utilize these methods for analyses of other samples in the collection of the Physical Research Laboratory and the Geological Survey of India that are not as readily available in other museum collections.

Wadhwa’s Fulbright project will build upon recent work in her research group on understanding the water content and hydrogen isotopes in Mars meteorites, especially in major minerals in these rocks that typically do not accommodate much water in their structure.

Each year, the U.S. Fulbright Scholar Program awards about 800 highly sought-after teaching and/or research grants to selected U.S. faculty and experienced professionals, enabling them to engage in collaborative studies and research in more than 125 countries. Award recipients are chosen for exemplary achievements and proven leadership in their fields.

Wadhwa’s most notable recognitions include a 2005 Guggenheim Fellowship, Nier Prize of the Meteoritical Society, Fellow of the Meteoritical Society, the Antarctic Service Medal (for two field seasons collecting meteorites in Antarctica) and an asteroid named 8356 Wadhwa by the International Astronomical Union.

She is only the second ASU recipient of this award, which is part of the Fulbright Scholar Program and is jointly funded by the government of India. The first ASU recipient was Stephen MacKinnon, professor emeritus in the department of history.

Nikki Cassis

marketing and communications director, School of Earth and Space Exploration

ASU programs help teachers develop next generation of engaged citizens

May 6, 2015

Two Arizona State University programs at Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College have recently won multiple awards for their groundbreaking work impacting sustainability education and community engagement.

These programs take a proactive approach to ensure that future teachers are prepared not only in traditional subjects like reading and math, but also in areas that will help them become more aware and engaged citizens locally and globally. Download Full Image

The Sustainability Science Education project has been awarded ASU’s 2015 President's Award for Sustainability for the development and success of a new innovative course, SCN 400 Sustainability Science for Teachers. ASU’s Office of Knowledge Enterprise Development also recognized the team with the 2015 Vision Award for their research and content.

University Service-Learning won the Arizona Governor’s Volunteer Service Award, considered the highest honor given for volunteerism in the state of Arizona. It has also been awarded ASU’s 2015 President’s Medal for Social Embeddedness, which recognizes superior accomplishments in identifying a community need or issue and developing mutually-supportive partnerships between ASU and Arizona communities to advance successful solutions.

Filling a need for sustainability science education for future teachers

Why do future teachers need to learn about how iPhones are produced, or examine the life cycle of jeans? Because the future of the planet just might depend on it. Not on the jeans or the iPhones, but on people who understand the implications of the creation and consumption of these products, and who are able to troubleshoot the complex challenges that arise as a result. 

Founded in 2011, the Sustainability Science Education Project’s mission focuses on the idea that attaining a sustainable future can be achieved one classroom at a time by informed and dedicated teachers. To carry out this mission, Lee Hartwell and his development and research team at ASU's Biodesign Institute produced a unique course, Sustainability Science for Teachers (SCN 400), one of the first programs in the United States to clearly and systematically address sustainability topics, problems, solutions, and divergent thinking within a teacher preparation program.

“Preservice teacher education represents a promising means to achieving large-scale social transformation,” said Lee Hartwell, Distinguished Sustainability Scientist and 2001 Nobel laureate.

The new course utilizes a hybrid of online and face-to-face classroom instruction, digital storytelling, and hands-on assignments to help students not only learn the concepts but also actively take part in sustainability practices in their own lives. As a result, preservice teachers come away with the skills and knowledge necessary to teach kindergarten through 8th grade students about the challenges of improving human health and well-being while reducing human exploitation of natural resources.

“We’re very conscious of the fact that teachers have the power to educate the next generation of scientifically literate, globally minded citizens. In order for them to do that, however, the teachers themselves require a more in-depth study of sustainability issues,” said Leanna Archambault, associate professor in Teachers College. “When we analyzed student learning, we saw significant growth in the depth and breadth of awareness of the many issues involved.”

The goals of the course were to engage preservice teachers as citizens so they could experience first-hand how individual efforts can make an impact, and provide them with ideas and tools to employ these concepts in their future classrooms.

“When people hear the term ‘sustainability’ they tend to think of things like recycling and reducing carbon emissions. But there’s actually so much more to it than that. Complex problems such as population growth, poverty, access to clean water, nutritious food, and energy – these challenging issues demand creative, adaptive learners who can develop and implement novel solutions,” said Annie Warren, program director and ASU doctoral student in the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes.

Sustainability Science for Teachers (SCN 400), is a program requirement for all elementary teacher candidates at ASU, and is now wrapping up its fourth academic year.

Kickstarting life-long community engagement

In 1993, Gay Brack was volunteering at the Salvation Army South Mountain Community Center to help ensure that children in the community were safe and productive after school.

“I began doing afterschool tutoring on a volunteer basis," Brack recalled. "The first week I had nine children; by the end of the second week I had 58, so I realized I had to bring in volunteers!”

To accommodate the enormous need for the program, Brack reached out to her colleagues within ASU’s English Department and began developing stand-alone service-learning courses in which students could teach children in the community based on what they were learning in their college courses. Since then the University Service-Learning (USL) program has expanded beyond tutoring to include a wide variety of service opportunities at any one of 160 community partners throughout the valley who provide assistance to traditionally underserved communities.

“USL classes immerse ASU students in the community and provides them with real-world experiences that build professional skills,” explained Deborah Ball, director of community engagement programs at Teachers College. “In addition to the community service component of the course, students engage in an in-depth study of civic engagement and community issues, working towards finding solutions to social injustices and critically analyzing how their experience in the community applies to their major and career goals.”

Since 1993, more than 12,000 ASU students have contributed over 1 million hours of service impacting the local community through USL courses. Last year alone, 735 students participated completing 57,390 hours of service. A few examples of the impact that individual students have had include:

• helping 25 students not only prepare and pass their GED exam but raising funds for the test fees

• teaching 25 diabetes awareness classes with low-income seniors

• helping to prepare tax documents for 148 low income families

• helping a student with disabilities to raise her grade in science from 40% to 76% in just a few weeks

• creating a video – in Spanish and English – and a social media campaign to encourage Phoenix citizens to properly recycle plastic bags in order to reduce the $1 million annual price tag the city pays to deal with the problem of incorrectly recycled plastic bags

Taking the USL 216 course is required for all ASU students in the teaching program except for Secondary Education. The class includes giving the students their own service-learning experience and learning how to teach using service-learning as a methodology.

Students serve between 70-100 hours over a 16 week period, allowing them to cultivate relationships with the organizations they work with as well as the individuals they serve.

A post-participation survey revealed that after participating in the program 93 percent of students planned on volunteering in the future, 82 percent felt that they have a responsibility to help with changes in social policy, and 91 percent felt that their actions can affect social change in the community.