History professor wins book award for work on the history of Mexico

February 1, 2023

The Conference on Latin American History awards the Maria Elena Martinez Prize in Mexican History each year for a book judged to be the most significant work on the history of Mexico published that year.

This year’s award was given to Assistant Professor A.S. Dillingham, who teaches history at Arizona State University's School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, for his book "Oaxaca Resurgent: Indigeneity, Development, and Inequality in Twentieth-Century Mexico." Black and white photo of A.S. Dillingham who has shoulder-length dark hair, a short-brimmed hat, and is wearing a white button-down shirt. Associate Professor A.S. Dillingham. Photo courtesy A.S. Dillingham Download Full Image

This is the second significant prize Dillingham has won for his book. Late last year, he won the Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin Book Award, which is awarded in recognition of the best book-length contribution to ethnohistory. 

His book narrates the history of the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca over the course of the 20th century. It pays particular attention to how government policies aimed at alleviating poverty and integrating Oaxaca’s many Indigenous communities were received in the state, and how those policies were often transformed by grassroots actors.

“As a writer, one never knows how your book will be received,” Dillingham said. “It is a long project, and it really is hard to anticipate the reactions to the final project, in this case the published book. The María Elena Martínez Prize is particularly meaningful as it carries the name of a scholar who I had the privilege to meet before she passed. Dr. Martínez was a brilliant historian and a kind human being.”

The book was a long time in the making. Dillingham’s interest in Indigenous people’s involvement with the Mexican government began during his first year of graduate school in 2006 while enrolled in a seminar on Mexican history. The seminar was held in Oaxaca City and happened to coincide with an annual teachers’ strike. 

“The strike involved public school teachers from across the state and since the 1980s had become a kind of ritualized affair, in which teachers would strike on May 1, International Workers’ Day, for better pay and classroom support and then enter negotiations with the government and ultimately reach a settlement,” Dillingham said.

But that summer, the strike did not go as planned. Instead of negotiating, the governor chose to send riot police to the striking teachers’ encampment, where they were tear gassed and injured. This sparked an even bigger strike and a subsequent social movement that ended with the teachers demanding everything from the governor’s resignation to the re-writing of the state constitution.

“I wanted to understand that social movement and so I turned to history to answer my questions,” Dillingham sai. “Oaxacan activists and intellectuals counseled me to follow the history of Indigenous education and development in the state, as Indigenous bilingual teachers were at the head of that movement. I began to examine how the government had contracted Indigenous people to be teachers, health workers or other agents of development.”

He continued to research these movements and specifically started the research that would turn into "Oaxaca Resurgence" during his doctoral dissertation ten years ago.

“My goal was for the book to be as accessible as possible and to reflect the beauty of Oaxaca, which had so inspired me, so I spent a good deal of time rewriting and expanding the book,” Dillingham said.

Dillingham hopes his book accomplishes two things. One, that it contextualizes the Indigenous history in Oaxaca within the view of the whole western hemisphere in order to discuss related patterns across nations. And two, that it brings Indigenous youth into the student and youth-led movements of the 1960s, since they are often overlooked when discussing the social change of that era.

“On the most fundamental level, I hope people see that Indigenous peoples have never been mere passive victims of the Mexican state,” Dillingham said. “Just like Native peoples across the hemisphere, Oaxacans resisted, negotiated and transformed government policy aimed at their subordinated incorporation into the state. If we understand that about the past, it should inform our understanding of Indigenous politics today.”

With this book completed, but his passion for the topic still burning, Dillingham plans to answer the questions "Oaxaca Resurgent" left him with. 

“In my research for 'Oaxaca Resurgent,' I came across a government program that sought to resettle highland Mixtec communities to the Pacific coast of Oaxaca,” Dillingham said. “In the mid-20th century, governments throughout the hemisphere — including the U.S. government — promoted programs of Indigenous resettlement with the idea that this would improve Native peoples’ conditions. 

“But in this case, the Mexican government resettled Mixtec families on land that belonged to Afro-Mexican communities. This state-sponsored project ultimately sparked a violent conflict between Black and Indigenous communities, and I’d like to research that history in the future in order to think more about that relationship.”

Rachel Bunning

Communications program coordinator, School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies

Catherine O'Donnell named new associate director of the Institute of Humanities Research

February 1, 2023

Catherine O’Donnell, a professor of history in the School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, has been appointed as the new associate director of Arizona State University's Institute for Humanities Research. With 21 years of teaching experience at ASU, O’Donnell will be working collaboratively alongside Ron Broglio, director of the Institute for Humanities Research, to develop and execute strategies, programs and projects aligned with the institute's vision and goals.

“We are delighted to have Catherine O’Donnell join our team in the associate director role,” Broglio said. “Catherine will be an excellent asset for the institute with a track record that will tremendously benefit the organization.” Headshot of Catherine O'Donnell Catherine O'Donnell, professor of history in the School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies and new associate director of ASU’s Institute for Humanities Research. Download Full Image

O’Donnell is the author of “Elizabeth Seton: American Saint” (Cornell University Press, 2018), which was awarded the Distinguished Book Award by the Conference on the History of Women Religious, as well as the Biography Prize from the Catholic Press Association. She is also the author of “Men of Letters in the Early Republic” (Chapel Hill, 2008) and “Jesuits in the British North American Colonies” (Brill, 2020). Her articles have appeared in venues including the William and Mary Quarterly, the Journal of the Early Republic, Early American Literature and the U.S. Catholic Historian.

O’Donnell has worked in a variety of roles at ASU, most recently as Dean’s Fellow in collaboration with the College Digital Innovations team. She also co-founded the digital archive “Journal of the Plague Year: A Covid-19 Archive” with Mark Tebeau, associate professor at the School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies.

O’Donnell has also served on the board of the Arizona Council of History Education for grades K–12 and is on the Executive Council of the American Catholic Historical Association. Before joining ASU, O’Donnell was a National Endowment for the Humanities postdoctoral fellow at the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture in Williamsburg, Virginia. She currently teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on early American History and the Atlantic World at ASU. 

Mina Lajevardi

Marketing and Communications Specialist, Sr., Institute for Humanities Research