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Trio of ASU professors elected to National Academy of Sciences

May 2, 2019

Scholars recognized for distinguished, continuing achievements in original research

Being elected to the National Academy of Sciences is one of the highest honors for a scientist, but it also means that members are qualified to inform the president and Congress about issues related to their expertise.

Three Arizona State University researchers can now add that accolade to their already celebrated resumes.

Professors Robert Cialdini, James Elser and Nancy Grimm have been named newly elected members of the National Academy of Sciences. The academy announced Tuesday the election of 100 new members and 25 foreign associates in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.

It’s not the Nobel Prize, but it's the closest thing for some scientific fields.

“These great and inquisitive minds have moved the research in their fields forward, and this honor reflects their achievements,” said Mark Searle, executive vice president and university provost at ASU. “To look at questions in new and intriguing ways and to conduct innovative research, combines to create work that changes the intellectual landscape.”

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is an honorific society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research dedicated to the advancement of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare of society.

Elections take place annually, and new members are nominated and voted on by existing members. 

Although no formal duties are involved, members of the NAS are invited to participate in the governance and advisory activities of the academy and contribute or edit pieces for their journal, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States. It is one of the world’s most cited and comprehensive multidisciplinary scientific journals, publishing more than 3,200 research papers annually.

Robert Cialdini

Robert Cialdini talks with students before the Feb. 19 naming ceremony of the Robert B. Cialdini Behavioral Research Lab in the W. P. Carey School of Business in Tempe. The lab enables students to develop and test theories in consumer behavior in realistic experimental situations. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

For Cialdini, a Regents' Professor emeritus in the departments of psychology and marketing, the honor is icing on the cake for a career that started in the late 1960s.

“There’s a combination of feelings in that I’m deeply gratified and, secondly, thrilled by it,” said Cialdini, whose research in developing and testing theories of consumer behavior is considered groundbreaking by his peers. That research is also the reason why the W. P. Carey School of Business Department of Marketing opened the Robert B. Cialdini Behavioral Research Lab, which has conducted over 10,000 hours of research and more than 200 separate behavioral experiments.

Cialdini was hired by ASU’s Department of Psychology in 1971 but in the mid-1980s was asked by the W. P. Carey School of Business to apply his research to consumer behavior and the science of influence.

“I am a fortunate man to be able to do something as interesting as this and get paid for it,” Cialdini said.

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ASU Professor Nancy Grimm visits an urban wetland in the Phoenix area. Photo by Tim Trumble

Grimm said she was in New Mexico with her husband and recovering from a bad cold when she got the news.

“I was making coffee when the phone rang and because I didn’t recognize the number, I didn’t answer,” said Grimm, the Virginia M. Ullman Professor of Ecology in the School of Life Sciences and a senior sustainability scientist. “It turned out to be an ASU colleague who is a member of the NAS, and (he) left a message for me to call him.”

When Grimm was given the news, she instantly perked up and any aches or pains she had suddenly disappeared.

“I had started drinking my coffee but instead ended up sharing a celebratory glass of Champagne with my husband,” she said.

The NAS elected Grimm for her work in urban ecology, a relatively new field that took off in the 1990s. Earlier this month Grimm and nine others won the 2019 Sustainability Science Award from the Ecological Society of America for providing an international perspective on how ecological research focused on urban areas can improve sustainability. She was the founding principal investigator of ASU’s Central Arizona–Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER) project, now in its 21st year.

Grimm’s NAS selection is also historic — 40% of the newly elected members are women, the most ever elected in one year to date.

“I think it’s fantastic and high time,” Grimm said. “In my graduate school years, it often felt like I was the only woman in my field, but that’s changed a lot. Women have contributed greatly to science and are finally being recognized — I am glad to be a part of that.”

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ASU Research Professor James Elser speaks at the 2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting in New Orleans. Photo courtesy of James Elser

Elser, a research professor in ASU’s School of Life Sciences since 1990, said he was “shocked, dumbfounded and excited” when given the big news.

“I’m very proud not only for me but for all of the students I’ve worked with over the years that were along for the journey,” Elser said from Montana, where he is the Bierman Professor of Ecology at the University of Montana and the director of Flathead Lake Biological Station in Polson, Montana.

Elser, who is currently on appointment with ASU’s School of Sustainability, was a key player in the development of the theory of ecological stoichiometry, which considers how the balance of energy and elements influences living systems. He and his international team of collaborators seek to understand how the coupling of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus shapes the ecology and evolution of living things.

He played a major role in establishing ASU’s Sustainable Phosphorus Alliance and is now its director. Through these efforts, he seeks to help create a sustainable food system by closing the human P cycle.

“ASU is proud to count these three as part of our community,” Searle said. “This is a well-deserved honor.”

Top photo by Deanna Dent/ASU Now

Reporter , ASU News


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Predicting Arizona's 2020 economy

May 2, 2019

ASU experts meet with local business leaders to forecast the health of the state's economy

Arizona’s economy is thriving and is likely to flourish at least for another year, according to economics experts at Arizona State University.

“We’re coming off a super-strong year, and it’s giving us a lot of momentum,” said Lee McPheters, research professor of economics in the W. P. Carey School of Business at ASU and director of the school’s JPMorgan Chase Economic Outlook Center. He spoke at the annual economic forecast luncheon held by the Economic Club of Phoenix, a unit of W. P. Carey.

McPheters said that 2018 surprised even analysts like him. He predicted that 69,000 new jobs would be added in Arizona for the year, when in fact, 78,800 jobs were added. Arizona was fourth in the nation for job creation.

“We’re continuing to get the benefit of more people moving here and a relatively robust birth rate and that’s a key driver for the economy,” he said, noting that Arizona is also fourth in the nation for population growth. “There is no recession in sight for our forecast.”

The job growth is mostly in construction, followed by health care, professional/scientific, manufacturing and transportation.

McPheters said that people remember the recession of 2008, when the vigorous housing market collapsed.

“Are we on the verge of a bubble? Well, as a percent of all jobs, construction is about 5.7%, not the 9 or 10% it was in 2006,” he said.

Also, the additional construction jobs are supporting job growth.

“It’s construction of office space, distribution space and public-sector investment.”

McPheters sounded an alarm about affordable housing. He said that wages have gone up 12% while home prices have increased 31%.

“That is putting a squeeze on people,” he said.

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(From left) Dennis Hoffman, Lee McPheters and Mark Stapp answer questions at the Economic Club of Phoenix's annual economic outlook luncheon on Thursday. The three offered views ranging from national trends to local factors in their consensus view that the Arizona will continue growing, but will slow down a little in the coming year. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

McPheters said the biggest threat to Arizona’s economy is the national economy. On that front, Dennis Hoffman was optimistic.

“We’re in a strong employment expansion that has been unrelenting since 2014 and should continue for the foreseeable future,” said Hoffman, an economist and the director of the L. William Seidman Research Institute at the W. P. Carey School of Business.

“What’s fueling the economy? Less regulation is behind some of it,” he said. “People argue about regulation and the long-term consequences, but I think it sustained the growth in 2017 and 2018.”

Hoffman discussed several potential problems ahead.

“People worry about global warming, but I worry about global graying,” he said. “For the first time ever, we have more people 65 and older than 5 and younger.

“That will change the way people consume, what they’ll buy and how much they spend.”

He’s also worried about the increasing national debt.

“What’s driving it is mandatory entitlements. Nobody wants to hear this, but we simply do not have enough in receipts to pay for the Medicare that Baby Boomers expect.”

The commercial real estate market also is booming as workers are filling up all the new space, according to Mark Stapp, the Fred E. Taylor Professor in Real Estate in the W. P. Carey School of Business.

“Whatever we’re building, we’re absorbing,” he said. “I don’t think we’ll run the risk of oversupply. If we want to see job growth, we have to have space for those jobs to go.”

One interesting trend has been a change in the use of retail space. More than 6,000 stores have closed nationwide this year, while only 2,600 have opened. 

“But now we’re seeing other kinds of users,” he said. “Eighteen percent of medical offices now occupy retail space. This is a shift to put them closer to where people need them.”

Stapp echoed McPheters’ concerns about affordable housing.

“We are building what we need to house the population that is moving here and not building in excess, and that continues to push prices up,” he said. “There’s no slack in the inventory.”

Stapp said that new housing is gobbling up 6,000 acres a year in the Valley.

“Where do you get those 6,000 acres? We are pushing toward the edges again — Coolidge, Florence, Queen Creek, Casa Grande, Buckeye.”

Stapp said that one positive effect of the recession, when 10 million people nationwide lost their homes, has been the de-stigmatization of renting. One new trend he expects to grow is the construction of single-family rental communities.

“It solves the problem of ‘I don’t want to buy. I can’t afford it. But I still want a single-family home.’” 

Top photo: JP Morgan Chase Economic Outlook Director Lee McPheters speaks at the Economic Club of Phoenix's annual economic outlook luncheon at the Scottsdale Resort at McCormick Ranch on Thursday. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

Mary Beth Faller

Reporter , ASU News