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Storytelling gives Navajo poet a way to 'glitter'

The transition from poetry to music was natural for ASU prof Laura Tohe.
Laura Tohe's work reflects her Navajo heritage and her personal family stories.
April 18, 2019

ASU Professor Emerita of English Laura Tohe honored with award ahead of the international premiere of her second libretto

The acronym DOWM is a trope many scholars of Western canon are familiar with. It refers to the argument that the body of literature, music, philosophy and art that represent Western culture is disproportionately dominated by the work of “dead, old white men.”

Looking back on her life, Arizona State University Professor Emerita of English Laura Tohe sees evidence to support this.

As a child growing up in the remote community of Crystal, New Mexico, in the Navajo Nation, Tohe relished trips to the library, the main form of entertainment in a household with no television. She devoured works by Edgar Allan Poe, Nancy Drew mysteries and “Batman” comic books — a literary weaning on stories about white people, written by white people.

“When I was about 12 years old, I wanted to be a writer,” Tohe recalls. “But I didn't know how I could do it. … I thought only white people could be authors.”

Later, at the University of New Mexico, she took a writing course with Rudolfo Anaya — author of the renowned Chicano coming-of-age novel “Bless Me, Ultima” — who encouraged Tohe to look to her own family’s stories for inspiration.

“This light bulb went off in my head and I realized, ‘You know, he's right. I've always been surrounded by storytellers,’” she said.

Today, Tohe is an award-winning, critically acclaimed poet who has written and co-authored five books, several essays and two librettosA libretto is the text used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical., the most recent of which, “Nahasdzáán in the Glittering World,” will premiere at the Rouen Opera House in France on Tuesday, April 23.

The premiere comes on the heels of her participation in the Tulsa, Oklahoma, City-County Library’s Festival of Words in March where she was honored with the Tulsa Library Trust’s “Festival of Words Writers Award,” joining the ranks of such past recipients as Leslie Marmon-Silko, Vine DeLoria Jr. and Joy Harjo.

The award is the first and only such given by a public library to honor an American Indian writer. Teresa Runnels, coordinator for the library’s American Indian Resource Center, said Tohe was chosen as this year’s recipient because of the variety and scope of her repertoire.

poet Laura tohe

English Professor Emerita Laura Tohe, Navajo Nation Poet Laureate, poses for a portrait at her Mesa home. Photo by Deanna Dent/ASU Now

The purpose of the award, Runnels said, is “to give recognition to American Indian writers in the hope that more will come along, because there’s not a whole lot. And also to recognize the hard work that these writers go through to tell their stories.”

Tohe attended the daylong festival in Tulsa with her son, Dez Tillman, who accompanied her on guitar for a spoken word performance of some of her rain-themed poems. Before that, they were welcomed by a traditional drum group and a chorus of Pawnee Public School children singing renditions of The Beatles’ “Let it Be” and the theme song to “Rocky” in their native tongue.

Tohe called it “an incredible, moving and beautiful experience,” adding, “I'd never been honored quite that way before.”

Having a poet as a mother never fazed Tillman when he was young, even though he often went along with her when she led writing workshops and taught at the university. It wasn’t until he became an adult that he realized she was doing something special.

“It’s really cool to see her blossom on this journey,” he said. “It’s like she’s been planting seeds since I was a kid, and now it’s all coming to fruition and she’s being recognized for her work as one of the main voices for Native people in this country.”

Tillman sees his mother as an inspiration for American Indian writers to join in and add their part to the narrative of Native people in America. And he’s not wrong; as the Navajo Nation Poet Laureate, for the past two summers Tohe has participated in a weeklong writing institute for Navajo youth at Navajo Technical University in Crownpoint, New Mexico.

“For the younger generation of Navajo writers, this is their first real opportunity to have teachers who are Navajo, who are published, who are giving these workshops, and they’re embracing that and participating in it,” she said.

Like Tohe’s most recent publication, “Code Talker Stories,” an oral history book about the remaining Navajo Code Talkers, almost all of her work is influenced by her cultural history, and much of it is influenced by her family.

Visits with her relatives were always punctuated by stories.

“When you visit family, that’s the first thing you do, is start telling stories, even if it's something minor, like, ‘On my drive into Gallup I saw a prairie dog standing on the side of the road,’” she said. “This is a way that we share our lives with each other, through storytelling.”

The first creative writing piece Tohe wrote in college relayed a story her mother told her and her siblings on childhood trips from the reservation into town for supplies. It was the tale of a brother and sister who, neglected by their parents, turned into prairie dogs; hence the animal’s human-like penchant for standing on its hind legs.

Animals often play a role in Tohe’s work. The upcoming presentations of the oratorio “Nahasdzáán in the Glittering World,” a sort of small-scale opera for which she wrote the text, will feature live animals, including an owl and a wolf.

“Nahasdzáán” translates to “Mother Earth” in Navajo, and according to their culture, the “glittering world” is the age we are presently living in. The piece confronts the Earth’s current state of climate change-induced distress and the need for it to heal.

“Animals are an integral part of this world that we live in and Native peoples have always revered them as relatives,” Tohe said. “Humans have caused a lot of destruction to the air and water and to the ground, and we need to stop and also look at how this affects not just humans but the animals as well.”

“Nahasdzáán in the Glittering World,” is her second libretto, having been commissioned by the Phoenix Symphony in 2008 to write the text for “Enemy Slayer: A Navajo Oratorio.”

The transition from poetry to music was a natural one for Tohe.

“Poetry is a lot like writing music,” she said. “You have to listen to the sound of the words, and you're concerned with line length and with the rhythm of the language.”

The realm of music is one she intends to explore further, through future collaborations with her son. Right now, they’re looking to record Tohe reading her poetry against a backdrop of original music composed by Tillman. They hope to have something completed within the year.

Top photo: ASU Professor Emerita of English Laura Tohe at her home in Mesa, Arizona. Photo by Deanna Dent/ASU Now

When everything clicks: Making sense of online education

A student, alumna and adviser share what to expect and how to succeed when earning an online degree

April 18, 2019

Studying online takes more than a laptop and a comfortable desk chair. Students have to be self-motivated, organized, and yes, even willing to put in some extra work, beyond what their on-campus peers experience.

“In a traditional face-to-face class, you might go, listen, take notes and only take three tests for your grade,” said Arizona State University adviser Kim Danielson. “But in an online format, you have to respond to discussion questions, write essays, do group assignments, read readings, watch videos, take quizzes and tests, and perhaps make videos or presentations. So you have to put extra hours into the week for studying and doing assignments in more dynamic formats.” photo of keyboard with coffee mug and notebook Download Full Image

However, it can also be extremely rewarding, she adds, leading to research opportunities, strong relationships with faculty and a degree that carries just as much weight as one achieved by taking in-person courses.

Danielson is an adviser from the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, which has graduated 162 online students since launching its programs in this format in 2014. Currently, about 52% of its undergraduate student body is seeking online degrees.

Here, she and two people from the school’s online program — global health student Ignacio Castellanos and anthropology alumna Kristin Keckler-Alexander — share their tips and insights into how to get the most out of an online educational experience.

Answers have been edited for length and clarity.

photo of Ignacio Castellanos

Ignacio Castellanos wants to use his global health degree to impact others' lives.

Question: Why did you choose an online program?

Castellanos: I chose this degree because I feel that I can use this knowledge to help people out. I want to use my degree to work for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and join their Global Health Response team. There are a wide variety of health disparities in the world, and with this degree I can help make an impact in someone's life.

Keckler-Alexander: Archaeology really stemmed out of my love of anthropology and my love of history. I’m grateful to ASU for having the vision to have such a comprehensive online campus. It’s given me, a military spouse who doesn’t live anywhere for very long and who’s got three children, the opportunity to pursue my degrees, and that’s not something I would have at a brick-and-mortar institution.

Q: What is the best course you’ve taken at the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, and why?

Castellanos: I think with each course I was able to learn something different that broadened my perspective on health issues. Instructors like Hallie Edmonds, Rhian Stotts and Associate Professor Megan Jehn, to name a few, provided so much feedback and knowledge that made me feel as if I was back on campus.

Q: What is unique about the School of Human Evolution and Social Change’s online programs?

Danielson: It’s the number one research-producing anthropology department in the country and has high-quality programs with the top researchers in their fields. The fact that we have the global health and anthropology programs with both on-ground offerings and online offerings — with no distinction between those other than format — equalizes the playing field to enter into these disciplines.

People also assume that online programs rely on adjunct faculty who know very little about their material and had no part in course development. But the programs at the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, and ASU as a whole, use courses led and designed by tenure-track and tenured faculty.

Q: What has surprised you about studying online?

Castellanos: The one thing that surprised me about studying online was the fact that I felt like I was back on campus. I was able to take two semesters on campus, and the interaction between the student and professor does not change. All my professors in both campus and online courses were so helpful, accessible and supportive, which is important especially for those taking classes online. It kept me motivated throughout my studies.

photo of Kristin Keckler-Alexander at a total station

Kristin Keckler-Alexander recommends online students get involved in research. Here, she mans a total station at an archaeological site in Colombia.

Q: What advice would you give to future online students?

Castellanos: Studying is something that you should not slack on. Waiting until the last minute will make you feel overwhelmed. I know everyone says it, but it is very important and must be said again and again.

Keckler-Alexander: Research is great in my experience because it always propels you to ask bigger questions. Even when you think you’re finding an answer, what you really find are five or six more questions. And that’s part of the fun of it.

Q: What is your best tip for success for online students?

Danielson: Find out who you are and what you like. Take as many of the classes you like as you can, which will motivate you for optimal performance. There will be a few classes you don’t like, but find a reason that class will give you value, even if it is appreciating when it’s finally over. Having a reason for everything will lift you up toward the finish line. And don’t forget about other resources you may have access to as an online student, such as advising, counseling, wellness applications, clubs, athletics and ASU spirit and pride to keep your academic and personal goals supported.

Top photo courtesy of Pixabay

Mikala Kass

Communications Specialist, ASU Knowledge Enterprise