ASU behind the scenes: Preparing for crises
Tucked inside the University Services Building adjacent to Arizona State University's Tempe campus is a small office with a big job: to prepare the university for major emergencies.
Built from the ground up by a former assistant police chief and military veteran, the Office of Risk and Emergency Management in its short five-year existence has transformed the university’s incident-response structure from an additional duty within the ASU Police Department to a full-time operation benchmarked by other institutions.
“Over the last several years our footprint for incident management has grown, as we have grown as a university,” said Allen Clark, ASU director of emergency preparedness and the person largely responsible for establishing the university’s current crisis-response structure. “We’ve earned an outstanding reputation because we truly have a model that works.”
Clark’s model takes the ASU organization and from it builds multilevel response teams with access to the resources needed to manage a large-scale emergency, while complying with guidelines established after 9/11. These guidelines standardize response structures and procedures across local, county, state and federal levels to ensure all agencies are able to work together.
“Each campus has an emergency-response team, which we train using the Incident Command System to manage an incident,” Clark said. “Currently, each ERT is led by a dean and staffed with functional reps needed to manage response, information sharing and recovery of any incident.”
Assembled above each ERT (Emergency Response Team) is the executive management group that can direct the necessary resources to help resolve the crisis while providing recommendations to university leadership. The executive group includes reps from ASU’s business and finance department, police, facilities, university technology office, environmental health and safety, risk management, emergency management and others when needed.
“Then finally you have the president’s policy group, the university president’s working group with additional members that would come to bear and provide policy-level support,” Clark said.
During a crisis or large university event, ASU’s emergency operation center (EOC) may activate. The EOC becomes the hub for services while playing host to local, county, state and federal partners that can bring a myriad of resources to the incident.
But responding to a crisis is more than structure and facilities. Everyone involved must understand and rehearse their role. That is why ASU drills its plans multiple times throughout the year on multiple campuses. In between exercises, Clark and his office’s business continuity specialist Melissa Krewson indoctrinate a variety of groups on various aspects of crisis response.
“We train with each campus throughout the year on small drills or just incident command refresher,” said Clark, who is often requested to speak at other universities about disaster preparedness. “Whatever it is, we train.”
During a large exercise in July, teams from all local ASU campuses assembled in Tempe to work through a simulated cyberattack. The drill allowed staff to test existing response plans, policies and procedures. Local partner agencies also attended as participants, controllers, evaluators and observers.
“This was a very successful exercise and the first time we’ve brought all these different teams under one roof,” Clark said. “It allowed us to work face-to-face through the multiple complexities we’ll likely face if our network was hacked. We walked away with some good lessons learned.”
Allen Clark, ASU director of emergency preparedness, observes as parents drive up to pick up their children during a reunification drill with the ASU Preparatory Academy at the Polytechnic campus in May 2016.Photo by Jerry Gonzalez/ASU
Staff in the Tempe Emergency Operations Center listen as Allen Clark provides a crisis-response overview briefing during Hillary Clinton’s visit to Tempe campus in November 2016.Photo by Jerry Gonzalez/ASU
ASU staff assigned to the Downtown Phoenix campus Emergency Response Team (ERT) monitor events on television before President Donald Trump’s arrival in Phoenix on Aug. 22. The ERT assembled to manage any potential crisis impacting the downtown campus during the president’s visit.Photo by Jerry Gonzalez/ASU
Participants check in for a simulated cyberattack exercise held in Tempe’s Sun Devil Fitness Center on July 19. The exercise tested ASU’s response plans, policies and procedures for managing a major cyber-threat incident.Photo by Jerry Gonzalez/ASU
A vital aspect of ASU’s crisis response is “reunification” — the uniting of students with their parents. For example, reunification could be implemented if family members became separated due to an emergency evacuation of a large public venue on campus, such as Sun Devil Stadium. Reunification also may be used if an on-campus incident results in multiple casualties.
“We know, when faced with a serious incident where ASU community members are hospitalized, families will make their way to campus immediately,” Clark said. “So we have created an organized reunification process with pre-designated locations for families to reunify with or locate their loved ones.”
ASU’s Help Center, which typically assists students with technical issues or administrative questions 24 hours a day, has a key role in reunification. Center staff, backed up by partner agencies, will capture information provided by callers and attempt to locate their loved ones in area hospitals if their locations are not know to first responders.
The reunification initiative — born out of an ASU active-shooter exercise in 2011 — was originally built on three pillars, said Deborah Roepke, executive director for the Coyote Crisis Collaborative, an ASU partner and multidisciplinary network that supports robust health-care and other community emergency-management programs. First was the development of a hospital reception-site capacity for all hospitals in Arizona, agreed upon by the Arizona Department of Health Services. Then it was necessary to have community family reunification-center capacity. The final element was emergency call-center capacity. All three elements are now in place.
“I believe ASU is a leader in disaster preparedness,” Roepke said. “ASU is exemplary in terms of its planning, training, structure development, activation process and testing. The concept of locating multiple reunification sites across the Valley is remarkable and should be applauded and copied.
“The leadership involvement and ASU’s investment in its preparedness efforts has been outstanding.”